Contemporary Urban Environments

Informal settlement
A settlement where housing has been built on land to which the occupants have no legal rights
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Turbidity
The cloudiness of a fluid caused by large numbers of suspended particles.
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Special economic zone (SEZ)
A designated area within a country that has favourable economic regulations to encourage investment.
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Greenfield site
Undeveloped country side areas.
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Economically inactive population
Those not in employment but actively seeking and available for work.
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Urban heat island (UHI) effect
The increased temperature in urban areas compared to surrounding rural areas.
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Walkable urbanism
An urban design movement which encourages planners to design urban spaces that encourage walking and exploring.
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Rainwater harvesting
A system to collect the rainfall and use it in buildings/gardens,
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Grey water
Used water from bathroom sinks, showers and washing machines.
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Eco-city / Sustainable city
A city that aims to provide a healthy environment for it's inhabitants without using more resources than it replaces.
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Fortress Development / Gated community
City developments that integrate greater security into the design of the building or landscaping.
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Unemployed population
Those people not in work and not seeking work nor available for work.
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Edge cities
A concentration of businesses, shopping and entertainment outside the traditional CBD.
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Urban resurgance
The development of an area after a period of decline.
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Culvert
Tunnel carrying a river underground.
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Counter-urbanisation
The flow of people moving out of a city.
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Dereliction
An area that has become abandoned or dilapidated
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Ecological footprint
Measures the area required to supply the ecological services used by the population, measured in global hectares (gha).
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Brownfield site
Land that has previously been used, suffered decline and is now available for redevelopment.
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Green roofs
A roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation such as grass to promote wildlife and reduce insulation costs.
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Negative multiplier effect
A downward spiral of events that follow the decline of investment in a region such as increased spending, loss of jobs and out migration.
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Spatial proximity
The development of innovation due to the close geographical locations of universities and industry.
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Outsource
The employment of other people, for example from overseas to do jobs previously done by people in the home country.
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World city
A city that acts as a major hub or centre for finance, trade, business, politics, culture, serving not just the country or region but the world.
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Rural-urban migration
The movement of people from the countryside to the city.
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Hybrid green energy
Producing energy using two renewable energy sources.
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Sustainable
That which is capable of being maintained into the foreseeable future without prejudice to is own continuation or damage the environment.
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Megacity
Metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
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Urban canyon winds
Wind created by narrow urban streets and high office blocks funnelling the wind between them
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Trend
A long term pattern, usually based on data for an area.
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Urbanisation
The growth in he population of a country's population that live in an urban environment compared to a rural one.
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Deindustrialisation
Fall in the
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The cloudiness of a fluid caused by large numbers of suspended particles.

Back

Turbidity

Card 3

Front

A designated area within a country that has favourable economic regulations to encourage investment.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Undeveloped country side areas.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Those not in employment but actively seeking and available for work.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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