World Cities - suburbanisation

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World Cities
Contemporary urbanisation processes: Suburbanisation
Suburbanisation: The movement of people from living in the inner parts of a city to living
on the outer edges. It has been facilitated by the development of transport networks and the
increase in ownership of private cars. These have allowed people to commute to work
Linked to a number of factors
congestion and population density of city centres
pollution caused by industry and high levels of traffic
general perception of a lower quality life in city centres
More open spaces
lower price of land and housing in comparison to the city centre
Cheaper to rent space and run operations and businesses
increasing number of job opportunities in the suburban areas
Lifestyle improvements
a general perception of better opportunities for education than in central city areas
Racial segregation
During WW1 African Americans from the south migrated to North cities in search
for work. Many settled in innercity areas whilst white families moved to the `safe'
suburbs in a `white flight' movement
Immigrant communities desire to live closely together for social and economic
For suburbanisation to occur
There needs to be a growth of public transport systems ­ railway & tube lines, bus
routes and arterial roads to enable commuting
Developments in communication technology ­ broadband services, the growth of
email and more enabling people to work from home
Increased car ownership
Early suburbanisation
few planning controls
urban growth took place alongside main roads ­ became known as ribbon
Ld to the creation of green belts ­ areas of open space and low density land use
where further development was strictly controlled
In 1950s & 60s council houses were built on the suburban fringe ­ the only available
1970s move towards home ownership and urban estates on the rural fringe
As car ownership grew, the edge of town, where land was available, became
favoured for new offices, factories and shopping outlets
Strict control of greenbelts was ignored

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