World Cities- sub-urbanisation

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  • Created on: 18-09-12 23:29
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World Cities
Contemporary urbanisation processes: Counterurbanisation
Counterurbanisation: The movement of people from large urban areas into smaller urban
areas of inter rural areas, thereby leapfrogging the ruralurban fringe. It can mean daily
commuting, but could also require lifestyle changes and the increased use of ICT (home
working or teleworking). Leads to growth in rural areas beyond the main city.
Factors causing
to escape the air pollution, dirt and crime of the urban environment
Want the pleasant, quiet and clean environment of the countryside
Land and houses cheaper
Car ownership and greater affluence allow people to commute to work
Employers moving out of cities
Improvements of technology and the internet allowing more freedom of location
Demand for second homes
Evidence of counterurbanisation
Increase use of commuter railway and increased parking for it
Increased value of houses in the area
construction of more executive housing in the area
Conversions of former farm buildings to exclusive residences
Problems associated (the rural turnaround ­ demographic changes in rural
settlements)
Out migration of young villageborn adults seeking education and employment
opportunities
the decline of the elderly village born population through death
inmigration of young to middle aged married couples or families with young children
in migration of the younger more affluent, resulting in increased house prices
Despite the influx of new people local services often close down. ­ Buses, schools
and post offices.
New comers have wealth and mobility to continue to use services some distance
away
Tension between newcomers and locals
Effects of CounterUrbanisation Case Study: St Ives, Cambridgeshire.
100km north of London
Lies on the A1123, just of the A14 trunk road

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Close to the A1 trunk road and main east coast railway line with regular trains to
London
Picturesque Georgian and Victorian town
Changing population and prosperity
population structure is aging
One section is ageing and another becoming more youthful
Large proportion of the working population is employed outside the town
Influx of commuters form London ­ 25% of working commute to London every day
Annual standardclass season ticket costs £3,920 every day
Housing is affordable and there has been a boom in demand for property…read more

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Requirements for new towns
New settlements, separate from existing towns but well linked to them
Provide a good range of facilities ­ secondary school, retail centre, business space
and leisure facilities
Affordable housing should make up 3050% of the whole range
Management body must help develop the town and provide support
Proposed Site: Weston Otmoor, Southwest of Bicester in Oxfordshire
Lies west of the M40 and straddles the A34
Opposition
Loss of green belt land
Negative effects of new town on rural roads and nature…read more

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