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Philosophy 2 ­ Topic 1: Good and Evil

Good: something which creates a positive effect.
Evil: negative outcomes, causing hurt/suffering.
- God is the `perfect good'
- Mark 10: "no one is good except God alone"


The Devil:
- Origin of Satan is not found in the Bible, it is…

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Responses to the Problem of Evil:

- Why did God allow Adam and Eve to disobey Him if they were made perfect?

- St Augustine: evil is a lack of good, a life-choice, evil is not a `thing' but what is left when there's no good present.

- Irenaeus: people…

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Philosophy 2 ­ Topic 2: Religion and Science

Cosmology: about origins of the universe which most scientists believe was caused by the Big Bang.
Evolution: development of life forms which most scientist believe came through natural selection.
Big Bang Theory: suggests a massive explosion led to the creation of the…

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- Progressive Creationism
- Believe there was a much longer time frame than 6 days.
- God has directly intervened in life on Earth to create new forms of life (explains
evolution).
- ACCEPT: estimates for earth's age.
- REJECT: evolution.
- STRENGTHS: Bible
- WEAKNESSES: doesn't attempt to work…

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Church of England:
- Humans are part of God's creation, believes in stewardship.
- All of creation is linked to each other.
- Stabilise the population, so humans can live in peace and harmony.
- Investigate how to reduce pollution.

Quakers:
- Concerned with poverty because of their beliefs in…

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Ethical Treatment of Animals
- Animals are not ours to eat.
- Animals are not ours to use for entertainment.
- Animals are not ours to wear.
- Animals are not ours to experiment on.

How can Christians help?
- Greenpeace: an organisation striving to bring peace to the environment…

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Denominational Views about the Treatment of Animals


Church of England
- Animals made by God, value has always been seen secondary.
- Not made in God's image, recognises need to use in medical
research.
- Responsible Stewardship: requires animals to receive careful and
sympathetic treatment.

Quakers
- Respect for animals,…

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