Ethics 2 Topic 2 - OCR Christianity RE

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  • Created on: 01-07-14 17:24
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Ethics 2 ­ Topic 2: Religion and Equality
Equality: Treating people in the same way as others.
Fair: Something free from fraud, bias, or injustice.
Prejudice: a judgement held by one person, which affects another.
Discrimination: Acting on prejudice, treating another/group unfairly.
> Positive Discrimination ­ Under 16s getting free bus travel.
Dignity: People should be allowed to live a life wherein they have self-respect.
Rights: The idea that people have basic requirements to be respected.
- `Love your neighbour as yourself'
- `There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor are all one in Christ Jesus'
- Parable of Good Samaritan, Jesus answers `who is my neighbour' by teaching people should treat
everyone well.
- Mother Teresa ­ Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta: caring for poor and suffering.
- 9/11 Bombings by Al-Qaeda
Racism: Belief in superiority of one race over another.
- No denomination agrees with racism.
C of E RC Church
- A council to share ideas on tackling racism in the "Image of God"
Church. - Condemned racism in the past.
- 1985 report "faith in the city" - about ways to - Pope John Paul II condemned Christian
encourage different race groups into the Church. contribution to the slave trade.
Martin Luther King ­ Christian, led protests against racial discrimination & `Jim Crow Laws'.
> Leading figure in Civil Rights Movement.
> Organised peace rallies & bus boycott.
> Influenced by Gandhi's policy of non-violence.
> Influenced by Christian beliefs ­ `do not repay evil with evil'.
> Black Power Movement was militant ­ he saw this wasn't effective.
> `An eye for an eye and the whole world is blind' ­ Gandhi.
Christianity: A Racist Religion?
Yes No
- Missionary work in the 16th century: racist ­ - C of E has a council to combat racism.
forced others to become Christian or die. - Pope Paul III condemned keeping black person as a
- Dutch Reformed Church supported apartheid in slave.
South Africa. - RC Church condemned racism in the past.

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Ethics 2 ­ Topic 2: Religion and Equality
Sexism: Prejudice, stereotyping or discrimination on basis of sex.
Christianity is a SEXIST religion.
Yes No
- `Women are simple souls who like simple things' - Jesus rose from the dead and appeared first to
­ Church preachers 1968. Mary Magdalene.
- `I permit no have authority over - Jesus treated women as equals ­ against the
men' ­ St Paul. norm at his time.…read more

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C of E RC Church Quakers
- Allow women priests since '94. - Christ was a man, logically those - `priesthood of all believers',
- Men & women: Equals. acting as him should be male too. ordination of women ­ not a
- Sees itself as having a - Man and woman ­ concern.
responsibility to fight sexism. fundamentally different, suited to - Anyone who feels moved to
-------------------------------------------- different roles. speak may do so.
- - Modern day disciples ­ men.…read more

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Missionaries: people sent to a country by a Church to spread faith/do social work.
> Used to try convert others to Christian (with fear), now concerned with helping those in LEDCs.
Pluralism: believing your religion is the truth, but knows other religions hold some truth.
> God is omnibenevolent ­ hard to believe He would punish other faiths.
> God will judge us.
> Problems ­ some religions blatantly contradict each other.
Ecumenism: breaking down of barriers between Christian denominations.…read more

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Original Sin: Everyone is born into it, washed away at baptism.
Actual Sin: When we do something wrong.
> Mortal Sin: Serious sin, full understanding and consent.
> Venial Sin: Less serious sins.
- `Forgive them, Father! They do not know what they're doing'. ­ Luke
- `Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us'.…read more


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