Ethics 1 Topic 1 - OCR Christianity RE

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Cara
  • Created on: 01-07-14 17:20
Preview of Ethics 1 Topic 1 - OCR Christianity RE

First 286 words of the document:

Ethics 1: Topic 1 ­ Medical Ethics
Sanctity of Life: There is something HOLY and SACRED about human life.
Each person has a "soul" ­ A non-physical part, may go to heaven after death.
Abortion: Termination of a pregnancy
Roman Catholic:
"Every child from the moment of conception, has a right to life" ­ Catechism
Accepts Doctrine of Double Effect in ectopic pregnancy.
Psalm 139:13 "you put me together in my mother's womb"
Pro-Life: abortion is wrong, from the moment of conception, life exists.
Church of England:
Oppose abortion
Recognises morally acceptable circumstances: Rape, low QOL for child (disability)
Carried out as quickly as possible
Embryos have rights after 14 days.
`..strictly limited conditions under which it may be morally preferable to any available
alternative' ­ General Synod.
Always evil, but cases were less evil; i.e. Born with incurable disease.
But needs to be an option: Pro-Choice
*Early abortions are more acceptable.
*Doctrine of Double Effect: something morally good has morally bad side-effect, right to do
providing side-effect is non-intentional.
*Ectopic pregnancy: foetus starts to grow in a Fallopian tube.
"Children are a gift" ­ sent for a specific purpose, precious.
Freewill is a gift from God, we can choose to abort a pregnancy.
If don't want child, put up for adoption.
Sometimes having an abortion means you can't conceive again.
Pope (God's representative on earth) `since the first century the Church has affirmed the moral evil
of every procured abortion' - papal encyclicals.
"Go forth and multiply"

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Fertility Treatment: Used when people want to have children but are unable
to conceive naturally.
IVF: Sperm + Egg put together in tube, embryo formed, transferred into womb. (tube
AIH: Artificial insemination by husband.
AID: Artificial insemination by donor.
Surrogacy: When another woman carries & gives birth to your baby.
Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990:
Frozen embryo stored for max 10yrs/
Scientific experiments carried out on embryos up to 14 days after conception
Roman Catholic: Disagree ­ don't like intervention.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Cloning: The making of a replica.
Stem Cell: Cells with potential to be reprogrammed, to develop into any type of cell in the body.
Clone: Organisms with identical genetic material.
Genetics: The branch of Biology which studies DNA. Helps improve QOL ­ agape.
act of Christian love.
Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act:
2001: Allows use of human embryos in stem cell research
2004: License for therapeutic cloning. Legal in UK.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Euthanasia: a good/easy death; making the choice about when to end a life.
- Shouldn't have to deal with poor QOL - Legalise euthanasia ­ patients distrust doctors
- Hard to see relative in pain; death = happy - Devalues life by making easily disposable
release for everyone - Little difference between euthanasia and
- Our life: Our control suicide
- Death with dignity - Too difficult to regulate
Palliative Care: Care given to terminally ill to help them
die in comfort.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Suicide: When a person ends his or her own life.
In the past, Christians taught suicide was a "sin" ­ an act against God's wishes.
Not allowed a Christian funeral or buried on holy ground.
Deliberate rejection of God's greatest gift: life.
Much more known about depression, causes of suicide. Church tries to understand situations,
recognise some are beyond the ability of making rational decisions.
People should be helped, not condemned.
Against Suicide:
God chooses time for death.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Animals in medical research ­ apart of God's creation, should be cared for.
- Past: Animals not considered as important as - Causes suffering.
humans, without souls; soul makes us human. - Human benefits from animal testing could be
- Only if animals not hurt unnecessarily produced in other ways.
- Medical experiments produced vaccine for - We have a role of stewardship.
polio, assisted on development of anaesthetics, - We do not have dominion over animals
helped produce treatment for asthma.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all resources »