Philosophy 1 Topic 2 - OCR Christianity RE

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Philosophy 1: Topic 2 ­ Religious and Spiritual Experience
Prayer: Communication with God
Worship: To honour God, by showing respect and adoration
A Religious Experience: A moment where a person experiences something greater than themselves.
Types of Prayer:
- Confession: saying sorry/asking for forgiveness.
- Adoration: praising & worshipping God.
- Thanksgiving: thanking God.
- Supplication: asking for help/guidance for yourself or others.
Forms of Prayer:
- Mental Prayer: prayers we say to ourselves, they don't follow a set pattern.
- Vocal Prayer: prayers people learn; can be said/sung.
- Bodily Prayer: making use of movement to express feelings and praise for God.
Why is prayer IMPORTANT to Christians?
- Expressing faith and thanksgiving.
- Asking for forgiveness, to relieve stress.
- Deepening faith by building trust and a relationship with God.
- Chance to listen to God + follow example of Jesus.
Private Worship:
- Worship you do informally, not at Church, but perhaps in your home.
- Examples are:
> Praying before meals/bed.
> Praying in your head.
> Using the rosary/meditation.
- Meditate: to empty the mind of thoughts/concentrate on aiding spiritual thoughts.
The Rosary:
- The Rosary: one of the most common forms of prayer, a string of beads with a crucifix, said to have been
developed by St. Dominic in the 13th century.
- There are FOUR mysteries of the Rosary: Joyful, Sorrowful, Glorious (all 16th cent) and Luminous (2002).
- These mysteries of the rosary focus attention on certain parts of Jesus' life.
- Joyful ­ Luke 1 "Birth of Jesus"
> This is a JOYFUL mystery as Jesus' birth signified GOODNESS; Mary was chosen to be the mother of Jesus.
- Sorrowful ­ John 19 "Scourging of the Pillar"
> "Pilate took Jesus and had him whipped" ­ The son of God is being punished for trying to bring goodness.
- Glorious ­ Acts 2 "Descent of the Holy Spirit"
> This is GLORIOUS as it is a miracle, people were filled with the HS and able to speak different languages.
- Luminous ­ Luke 3 "Baptism of Jesus"
> LUMINOUS because it's a moment which brightened the world as baptism is a sign of purity.
Why is the Rosary IMPORTANT to Christians?

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Increase in faith/hope/trust.
- Helps to focus on their faith.
- Shows thankfulness for their faith.
Public Worship:
- Worshipping/praying in a formal way, usually gathered as a group in a specific place of worship.
- Styles of worship include: liturgical, spiritual, and pulpit-centred.
- Liturgical Worship
- Roman Catholic, Orthodox and Church of England.
- Pattern of service, quite formal, including rituals.
- Time set aside for free prayer.
- Eucharist is the most important act of worship, providing focus for service.…read more

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The Eucharist celebrates The Last Supper, for some it is the centre of their worship: a sacrament, a
special way of receiving grace.
Another form of Christian worship is charismatic, where people open themselves to the Holy Spirit
and become inspired by it. This includes `glossolalia' meaning speaking in tongues.
- Memorialism: Christ is spiritually present but there is no effective change in the bread/wine ­ CofE
+ Baptist.…read more

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- Liturgical Worship
- Focus on life of Jesus
- Church in the shape of a cross
- Decorate
- Focus of mass is the Eucharist
- Strong devotion to Mary
- Transubstantiation
- Orthodox:
- Liturgical Worship
- Stand during mass
- Altar behind iconostasis
- Most decorative
- Transubstantiation
- Church of England
- Liturgical
- Memorialism
- Decorate Churches
- Methodist:
- Pulpit-Centred Worship
- Focus on Gospel
- Don't have altar
- Don't have set order
- Baptist:
- Pulpit-Centred…read more

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In the past, people needed symbols because they were illiterate; it was dangerous to be a
Christian, and a reminder of beliefs which was encouraging for those being persecuted.
- Now symbols are a part of tradition: remembering the roots of Christianity. They provide
a focus and remind us of important beliefs.
Symbol: something communicating a deeper message/meaning.
Examples are:
- Dove: peace and love, reminding us of God's omnibenevolence and Jesus being sent for
peace.…read more


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