OCR religious studies (short course)

quotes and notes, for GCSE OCR R.S on christianity

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  • Created on: 09-02-12 16:25
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This does not provide everything you need but is a helpful checklist
and source of quotations.
The best guide is the chicken and egg text book:
GCSE Religious Studies (Philosophy and Applied Ethics for OCR)
Mayled and Oliphant
B602 Philosophy
Good and Evil
Religion and Science
B603 Ethics
Religion and Human Relationships
Religion and Medical Ethics
Good and Evil
This module covers the areas of Christian beliefs about the devil, why we suffer (natural
and moral evil) and how Christians make ethical decisions.
Beliefs about the Devil
o He was originally an Archangel called Lucifer
o He was guilty of the sin of pride (he wanted people to worship him instead of God)
so was cast out of Heaven, Jesus said....
"I saw him fall from heaven like lightening" (Luke)
o He is regarded as having less power than God and whereas God is thought to be
omnipresent, he can only be in one place at any time, although they do believe he
also has demons that he can send off to carry out his work
o Some do believe he is red, with horns, but this has little/ no biblical support
o His main role in the Bible is one of a tempter.....
o He is said to have tempted Jesus when He was in the dessert for 40 days and
nights, but that Jesus resisted his temptation (again showing that God has more
power) and said....
"It is written, you shall not put your God to the test" (Matthew)
The serpent in the story of the temptation of Adam and Eve is also said to be a
metaphor for the devil and is the basis for lots of Christians today thinking that the
devil is the voice of temptation to not do as God would like in their lives. "A serpent
tempted Eve to eat from this tree....she took of its fruit and ate" (Genesis)
The fact that God is able to punish the serpent again reinforces the idea that God
has more power.
Some Christians believe that the devil/his demons have the power to possess a
person and need to be driven out, again there are examples of this in the Bible and
again, as Jesus drives them out, they are shown to be less powerful than God
o Christians believe that there will be an eschatological battle (a battle at the end of
the world) between God and the devil and that God will win. This battle is foretold
in the last book of the Bible, the book of Revelation. It states that.
at the end of the world Satan will be allowed to control the Earth for 42 months,
he will then be locked in a pit for 1000 years before being thrown into a burning
lake where he will face eternal torment:
"it was allowed to exercise authority for forty two months" (Revelation)
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I saw an angel coming down from heaven....he seized....Satan and bound him for a
thousand years and threw him into the pit and shut it and sealed it ...that he should
deceive the nations no more" (Revelation)
"the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire where (he)....…read more

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It provides us with opportunities to show how caring/generous we are by helping
those who are suffering
o It is necessary in order to appreciate the good things in life
o Some Christians (such as the famous philosopher Augustine) say that evil does not
exist in itself, rather it occurs when there is a lack of good....so it was never
created by God as a `thing', it occurred naturally when there was a deprivation of
good.…read more

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Remember that the Bible encourages Christians to follow the laws of their society
unless the law goes totally against their faith. For this reason lots of Christians will
make a decision based on the laws of their community.…read more

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Both have humans as last
o They include the same creations- sun, moon, earth, plants, fish, animals.…read more

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Pope John Paul II in Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, 1988, said "The Earth and all life on
it is a gift from God given to us to share and develop, not to dominate and exploit"
He also said "We have the responsibility to create a balanced policy between
consumption and conservation"
o Oddly a few Christians actually do not feel that they should care for the
environment, as they feel we have dominion over the planet and can treat it as we
wish.…read more

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Homosexuality is the emotional, psychological and physical love shared by two people of
the same gender. If the church begins to accept that sex is the expression of love as well
as for procreation then it needs to look at the traditional attitudes to homosexuality. The
Bible states that:
" no -one who is guilty of homosexual perversion
shall enter the kingdom of God" 1 Corinthians
6:9-10
But some Christians accept that a homosexual relationship can be as loving and caring as
any heterosexual one.…read more

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Pressures on the family: There are many social and economic pressures and problems
which the modern family may face:
1. Living apart from each other.
2. Unemployment & financial pressures.
3. Easier divorce mean more one parent
families.
4. Higher expectations from marriage
5. Both parents having to work
6. Violence & emotional tensions
The church and the family: All the Christian churches put great emphasis on the family.…read more

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Why get married?
The church recognises three reasons for getting married:
the couple's mutual help and relationship.
the right relationship for physical intimacy.
the procreation of children.
from the ASB (Anglican prayer book)
In Britain most people, even though they may not be Christians, get married in church. They
feel it is important to make the solemn and important promises of marriage in a special
place. The Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox churches regard marriage as a
sacrament.…read more

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I (N) take you (M) to be my wife / husband , to have and to
hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer,
for poorer , in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish
till death do us part, according to God's holy law; and this is
my solemn vow."
(from the Alternative Service Book p 291)
Divorce:
This century there has been a decline in first marriages and an increase in second
marriages.…read more

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