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Page 1

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How secure was Stalin's position in 1932?
Resistance in the countryside
Worker discontent due to the impact of the Five Year Plans
Party members unhappy at the level of violence
Local party resistance to orders from Moscow
The old Bolsheviks knew the `truth about Stalin
the Ryutin affair (local party…

Page 2

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Nikolayev (assassinated Kirov provided Stalin with an excuse to purge the party
Yagoda's
Kirov) Appointed Yagoda to investigate murder
purges
100 Political party members Yagoda = Head of Secret Police
1934-1936
30,000 members in
Leningrad
Kamenev The first Show Trial, organised by Yagoda
Zinoviev Accused Kirov's murder and for sabotaging…

Page 3

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Stalin's Doctrine of Sharpening Class Struggle ­ says that as the country moves closer to
socialism, class struggle gets more intense: justification

Evidence to support the Revisionist view:
Regional officials wanted to impose higher targets in order to be able to arrest more people ­
desire to arrest came from…

Page 4

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Impact of the purges:
Cult of personality:
Cult of personality = excessive worship of a single leader ­ the leader comes to embody the country
and state

1. The Lenin Cult:
Excessive worship of Lenin as `God-like'
Rituals and routines used to create an emotional bond between population and the…

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