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Germany 1933-1963 Revision Guide

Exam Board: OCR
Exam Length: 1 hour 30 minutes
Module title: Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-1963

Remember that this is a document (source) based paper and should not be approached like your
essay paper. Try to do the following:
1. For both a and b…

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The poor economic situation led to increased support for extremist parties (both right
wing groups like the Nazis and the Communists ­ KPD). Promises of job creation schemes
gained the Nazis votes ­ by the winter of 1932 one-third of the German workforce was
unemployed. The depression also helped to…

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May 1928 ­ Nazis gain 2.6% of the vote
Sept 1930 ­ 18.3% of the vote ­ swing to extremist groups. KPD vote also rises.
July 1932 ­ 37.3% of the vote ­ peak of Nazi vote- highest ever in a free election
Nov 1932 ­ 33.1% of the vote…

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Ernst Rohm and participated in the 1923 Munich Putsch. Rohm, like the Strasser
brothers, represented the more radical, socialist side of Nazism. Hitler saw the SA at
this stage as the army of a potential Nazi state. Most members of the SA were
ex-soldiers, young, often had a hatred of…

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might increase their share of the vote ­ a common SPD saying was `Anything but
Hitler.' Bruning banned the SA in April 1932 to try to control increasing street
March-April 1932 ­ the Presidential elections ­ Hitler stood against Hindenburg
and the KPD candidate, Ernst Thalmann. Although Hindenburg was…

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majority vote in the Reichstag, which it was unlikely to get. Forcing a change might provoke
civil war. In September 1932, after the Reichstag's vote of no confidence in Papen,
Hindenburg had considered not calling new elections, but Schleicher persuaded him to due to
the fear of provoking a potential…

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the power to appoint and dismiss Chancellors. However, the Nazis did have a base of
popular support, but this peaked at only 37% and had already begun to drop by
November 1932.
Hitler did not seize power by force. Hindenburg agreed to a Hitler government,
although he never liked Hitler…

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Making concessions (making promises to win support) ­ E.g. Promising a monopoly of
power to the army, making the Concordat with the Catholic Church, getting the Centre
Party to support the Enabling Act.
Appearing moderate ­ Purge of the SA to please the army and elites, appearing to
defend Christianity,…

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writers to question Hitler's motives for the SA purge, arguing that he wanted to
remove anyone who knew too much about his own past/sexual history. This is more of
a minority view, however, and it is likely that the main reasons for the purge were to
please the army and…

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democratic process, such as in the elections in March 1933 and the voting for the Enabling

Overall, Hitler's methods were legal on the surface in that he worked with the constitution. However,
his actions were always surrounded by violence and intimidation and he was not honest about his real…




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