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First world war

how and why it was fought
cause of war
there were many reasons for Britain joining the first world war, these included if France lost
against Germany than this would harm British interest, Britain also couldn't let such an
aggressive country control Europe. War wasn't inevitable but…

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1915 there were severe shortages, 1916 there was still too few guns and shells. He knew
artillery was vital to the war.
Defeating the Germans.
There were many issues when fighting the Germans:
· they used smokeless powder,machine guns, rapidly
firing accurate artillery. This gave them both
advantage to offence…

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arguments for this as the Belgium ports were key to stop the submarine warfare starving
British imports. Britain also need land behind German coasts. Preliminary to the attack was a
plan to seize Messines Ridge, south of Ypres, there was a bombardment and they gained the
ridge. The main attack…

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· new army (volunteers)
· conscripted
a usually British infantry division was about 19600 men. But this was usually not the case due
to injuries and lack of replacements. Eventually there were five armies.
There actual structure is there is 1 army corps which is lead by a lieutenant general,…

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British pay was not great but it was better than the French. Pay increased the higher skilled
you were. For 1 shilling a soldiers could buy 70 cigarettes. Good and clothing were free. And
a lot of pay was sent home to dependants.
Life behind the line
rotation of units…

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biggest was hull. The problem with this some towns lost vast numbers of citizens as they
died together.Voluntary or 'voluntary'
volunteering is obviously something you choose to do, a lot of men actually did volunteer for
the army. But many were advised to 'volunteer' or told by bosses they were…

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lines the government was very weary of this at first. The first aid nursing yeomanry (FANYS)
was a group of women who would rescue injured men from the battlefield. There was only
116 FANYs as it was dangerous.
because women were taking over man in the UK, the government…

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By raising a fear of people secretly being German this made people more eager to end the
war. There were German spies living in Britain and British intelligence knew of them and
when war was started they were arrested. Some imprisoned or shot. People now were
continuously 'spy spotting' .…

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coal strike of 1915 showed how easily a country could become vulnerable when strikes
occurred. Miners demanded increase pay permanently and the government had to obey just so
they would start work again. Due to this many thought the state should control mines but the
liberal dependant on donations by…

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aircraft's and steels were booming. By 1928 a lot of the investments have been restored.
Women also had new opportunities in telecommunications and service industries.
Social effects.
Due to rationing this created queuing. British summer time was permanently introduced.
Cigarettes became popular as they were easier and tax was too…


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