Pitt-Peel History AS revision

Detailed notes going from Pitt to Peel

Pitt and his rise to power, his administration, the national revival and the radical threat in the 1790s

Lord Liverpool and the Liberal Tories, the radical threat of the 1820s

The Great Reform Act; why it passed and what it did

Peel's rise to Tory party leadership, the repeal of the corn laws

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  • Created on: 31-05-13 20:39
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History Revision- Pitt to Peel

Britain 1783 Context
Agriculture
To celebrate their wealth and show their status, landowners would build large
estates
4 course rotation- you rotate the crops which you grow in each field in order to
recover the nutrients in each field. This increases productivity
Turnips were used…

Page 2

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Pessimists say the industrial revolution led to capitalism and people became
subjected to the economic cycle
o Thomas Malthus- population increases exponentially, resources increase
arithmetically. Population will outstrip food supply. There was a worry that
the British population was going to run out of control
Religion
18th century Britain was…

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Fox's support of American rights could be viewed as unpatriotic
Appeared scared of an election. Was concerned about royal influence but
supposedly believed in the power of the people- contradictory
Pitt
Simultaneously represented reform and stability of government
Ambitious
Friends and connections of other ministers provided a limited block of…

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Pitt keeps the support of the king
The opposition are marginalised
Good times- Britain becomes prosperous
Pitt is an authoritative and commanding PM
The king gave Pitt a lift but is less active once Pitt is in power
The regency crisis 1788
Fox decides to court the heir to the…

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Commissioners were appointed to ensure the sinking fund ran efficiently and that it
was not subject to crisis management normally used to overcome a government
revenue shortfall
In peacetime it worked well and by 1793 the national debt had been reduced to
about £10m
After the outbreak of war the…

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o His `household officers' formed the nucleus of the government party in the
House of Lords which usually outvoted the opposition by 2 to 1
o The King's willingness to create new peers bolstered Pitt's majority. No
fewer than 119 new peerages or promotions within the peerage made
during Pitt's…

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o The poor harvests and rising food prices of the time contributed to public
unrest as there was widespread starvation and hunger
o There were 2 famines in 1794-96 and 1799-1801
o A collapse in farm-workers' wages caused social tension and protests in rural
districts
o There was an upturn…

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o Poor law was introduced to reduce poverty and this provided support to a
significant number of the population
Popular loyalism
o Served as a worthy opponent to radicalism
o Aligned itself with patriotism and thus made being radical appear disloyal to
the king (who was a popular icon of…

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the implementation of so much legislation was effective symbolically but not as
rigorous as it appeared
made the threat appear serious which united the elite against it- many Whigs broke
with Fox (Windham, Portland and Loughborough) and joined Pitt's ministry which
strengthened it
the legislation was not particularly severe in…

Page 10

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When the Hampden club assembled, its members rejected the moderate proposals
of Cobbett and adopted Hunt's more radical suffrage programme with mass
petitioning of parliament
Ministerial alarm was intensified when a window of the prince regent's coach was
shattered when he was driven to open the 1817 session of parliament…

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