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Ethics 2 ­ Topic 1: Religion, Peace and Justice

War and Peace
Conventional War: A period of hostile relations between countries, leading to
armed conflict.
Civil War: Forces in conflict belong to the same nation.
Holy War: A war fought for religious issues, by people who believe this is what…

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Any punishments limited to those DIRECTLY RESPONSIBLE

Ethics 2 ­ Topic 1: Religion, Peace and Justice

War and Peace

Pacifism: Belief that you should always work for peace
Absolute Pacifist: NEVER right to take part in war (even self-defence).
Conditional Pacifist: Accept there are circumstances whereby war is better than…

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Ethics 2 ­ Topic 1: Religion, Peace and Justice

Crime and Punishment


Aims of Punishment ­
Reformation: Giving the criminal a chance to reform and live a better life.
Vindication: Set an example ­ show the law must be obeyed.
Retribution: Society can see the criminal has been punished -…

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Ethics 2 ­ Topic 1: Religion, Peace and Justice

Social Injustice



Restorative Justice: Approach to justice focusing on needs of victims & offenders.
Usually involves victims & criminals meeting to discuss the crime.
> Archbishop Desmond Tutu: "a search to rehabilitate both the victim and the perpetrator", helped to
stop…

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