Control of the Outremer after 1100

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Control of the Outremer after 1100
How did the Franks use the following to help establish themselves in the Outremer after the First Crusade
The feudal structure of the Outremer: King, Church, Military orders
barons Knights Templar founded by French Noblemen Hugh
Baldwin of Boulogne takes crown of Jerusalem. For of Paynes 1119
the next 30 years, him and Baldwin II rule Bernard of Clairvaux wrote a rule for them (way of
4th state added 1109 when Bertrand de Saint Gilles
life) and papal approval
(son of Raymond) became Count of Tripoli Approved by Pope 1128
Church still under control of Pope ­ language Latin Fully backed by the Pope in Rome
Jerusalem centre ­ Holy Sepulchre main church 1153 ­ broke into Muslim ruled Ascalon before
Opposing ideals and interests from east and west, Christian army and refused to let rest in and stole all
gradual weakening of authority, quarrels for the booty for themselves
succession Hospitallers worked for Order of Hospitallers of St
1131: Baldwin II dies, leaving daughter Melisende in John
charge Military order of fighting monks ­ medical function
Melisende marries Fulk of Anjou, who clashes with Vows of poverty, chastity and obedience
nobles Recognised as a religious order by Pope 1120
Castles Italian sea powers
Krak des Chevaliers Maritime cities of Genoa, Pisa and Venice
Greatest of all crusader castles Anxious to expand interests in the East
Acted as centre of administration and military base Agreements with King of Jerusalem to bring supplies
Ibelin In return for tax exemptions and legal immunities
In Kingdom of Jerusalem Formed colonies within cities coastal ports
Near Ascalon ­ controlled by Fatamids ­ Loyalties were to their own cities
strategically placed to contain attacks King of Jerusalem had to pay a price for their aid
Bethgibelin Much of the profit went into Italian coffers
Built by King Fulk Defence problem

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Control of the Outremer after 1100
How did the Franks use the following to help establish themselves in the Outremer after the First Crusade
Montreal Crusader states were in danger of attacks all sides
Location in Jordan No sea power ­ apart from Italians…read more

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