Establishment of Outremer

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  • Created by: Isabelle
  • Created on: 29-03-14 18:26
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  • Establishment of Outremer
    • The settler leaders in Outremer 1099-1144
      • Kings of Jerusalem
        • Godfrey of Boulogne
          • Baldwin I (of Boulogne + Edessa)
      • Princes of Antioch
        • Bohemond I (of Taranto)
          • Tancred (Regent)
            • Bohemond II
              • Roger of Antioch (briefly left control to him)
                • King Baldwin II (Regent for BII)
                  • King Fulk (Regent)
                    • Raymond (of Poitiers)
                      • Constance (Regent - also his wife)
                        • Reynaud (of Chatillon)
                          • Bohemond III
                            • King Amalric (Regent)
      • Counts of Tripoli
        • Raymond of Toulouse
          • William-Jordan
            • Bertrand I of Tripoli
              • Pons
                • Raymond II of Tripoli
                  • Raymond III of Tripoli
    • Why Edessa falls to Zengi?
      • Only state inland, surrounded by Muslims + hard to get supplies etc from Italians
      • Aleppo + Mosul = v.close and Armenians = in North, their support not consistent
      • Not a rich state
      • After Balak, Zengi = leader. Initially wants Damascus but defeated, then wants Edessa
      • When Z comes, J not there (negotiating w/Antioch). Fulk dies + melisende in charge of Jerusalem, slow at sending help. Edessa = undefended + is attacked. No one wants to recapture.
  • How Outremer secured and consolidated?
    • Establishment of Outremer
      • The settler leaders in Outremer 1099-1144
        • Kings of Jerusalem
          • Godfrey of Boulogne
            • Baldwin I (of Boulogne + Edessa)
        • Princes of Antioch
          • Bohemond I (of Taranto)
            • Tancred (Regent)
              • Bohemond II
                • Roger of Antioch (briefly left control to him)
                  • King Baldwin II (Regent for BII)
                    • King Fulk (Regent)
                      • Raymond (of Poitiers)
                        • Constance (Regent - also his wife)
                          • Reynaud (of Chatillon)
                            • Bohemond III
                              • King Amalric (Regent)
        • Counts of Tripoli
          • Raymond of Toulouse
            • William-Jordan
              • Bertrand I of Tripoli
                • Pons
                  • Raymond II of Tripoli
                    • Raymond III of Tripoli
      • Why Edessa falls to Zengi?
        • Only state inland, surrounded by Muslims + hard to get supplies etc from Italians
        • Aleppo + Mosul = v.close and Armenians = in North, their support not consistent
        • Not a rich state
        • After Balak, Zengi = leader. Initially wants Damascus but defeated, then wants Edessa
        • When Z comes, J not there (negotiating w/Antioch). Fulk dies + melisende in charge of Jerusalem, slow at sending help. Edessa = undefended + is attacked. No one wants to recapture.
    • Baldwin successfully expanded and defended the states from Muslims
    • Coastal ports etc. were prioritised e.g Jaffa, Acre(1104) for supplies. With Genoese fleet in 1101, captured Arsuf.
    • System B sets up w/nobles = good, doesn't give them too much power
    • Assimilation Model: melting pot
    • Segregation Model: medieval appartheid
  • Military Orders
    • How Outremer secured and consolidated?
      • Baldwin successfully expanded and defended the states from Muslims
      • Coastal ports etc. were prioritised e.g Jaffa, Acre(1104) for supplies. With Genoese fleet in 1101, captured Arsuf.
      • System B sets up w/nobles = good, doesn't give them too much power
      • Assimilation Model: melting pot
      • Segregation Model: medieval appartheid
    • Templars
      • Multi purpose- bankers, preachers,warriors and teachers. Similar to Hospitallers
  • Hospitallers
    • Military Orders
      • Templars
        • Multi purpose- bankers, preachers,warriors and teachers. Similar to Hospitallers
    • Held land and forts + defended it. Also acted as advisors and gave medical aid. Trained warrior monks to defend pilgrims against Infidels.
  • Role of Castles
    • Weaknesses of Outremer
      • Loss of Byzantine help
      • Poor Frankish leadership
      • Rise in Muslim unity
      • Too reliant on outside help
      • Frankish disunity
      • Lack of clear succession
  • Eustace Grenier (Regent)
    • Baldwin II (of Bourcq + Edessa)
  • Fulk + Melisende (Queen then regent)
    • Eustace Grenier (Regent)
      • Baldwin II (of Bourcq + Edessa)
  • Baldwin III
    • Fulk + Melisende (Queen then regent)
      • Amalric
    • Baldwin IV
      • Amalric
      • Baldwin V
    • Guy of Lusignon
      • Baldwin V
    • Counts of Edessa
      • Baldwin I (of Boulogne)
        • Counts of Edessa
          • Baldwin II (of Bourcq)
            • Tancred (Regent)
              • Joscelin I (of Courtenay)
                • Joscelin II
        • Bohemond (of Antioch) son of BIII
          • Unlike others, no religious significance = less pilgrims, less protection
            • Balak of Aleppo causes problems, defends well, captures Jocelyn of E. Start to win e.g BoFoB, Battle of Harran

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