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The Crusades ­ A Timeline
Date Event Significance
312 Conversion of Emperor
Constantine to Christianity
Christianity became the most important religion in Europe and bagan to spread
gradually across the continent. By c.600AD the majority of the Roman Empire and its
former territories were Christian. By 1000AD most of Russia…

Page 3

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This dynasty ruled the Muslim Empire from Damascus for nearly 100 years. They
oversaw the continued expansion of the empire in the east and west and the
construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. 711 Muslim Conquest of Spain
Muslim forces reach as far into mainland Europe as…

Page 4

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kingdoms and well established systems of government in western Europe. These

Page 5

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succeeded the barbarian kingdoms and helped to secure the position of the Catholic
Church. Its influence had declined by c.1000 due to internal division and Viking raids.
C9th Two successive pope's
raised military support by promising spiritual benefits
Development of the idea of holy war.
Establishment of the Fatamid Caliphate…

Page 6

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control of
southern Italy
Had previously been the property of the Byzantine Empire. 1068 Urban joins the
monastery
at Cluny
Shows religious commitment ­ monastic life was much purer than that of the worldly
priesthood.
1071 Seljuk Turks capture Jerusalem
Treatment of Christians worsens and pilgrimage becomes more difficult.
1071…

Page 7

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what became known as the Investiture Controversy. He also developed the idea of holy

Page 8

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war by insisting that all people owed service to God and that this could be in a military
form. He offered remission of sins to those who fought for him in the Investiture
Controversy. 1074 Gregory proposes a holy
war in the Eastern Med
Aimed to raise an army to…

Page 9

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Regained Rome in 1094 through bribary, diplomacy and Norman support. Flexibility and
policy of inclusion over retribution gained him support. Created the curia Romana (papal
courts) and spread the reform movement to new regions. 1089 Rebuilding of the Roman
port of Tarragona (NE Spain)
Sponsored by Urban and site of…

Page 10

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Urban gives the speech that launches the First Crusade. He continues to preach on his

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
The Crusades ­ A Timeline
Date Event Significance
312 Conversion of Emperor
Constantine to Christianity
Christianity became the most important religion in Europe and bagan to spread
gradually across the continent. By c.600AD the majority of the Roman Empire and its
former territories were Christian. By 1000AD most of Russia…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
This dynasty ruled the Muslim Empire from Damascus for nearly 100 years. They
oversaw the continued expansion of the empire in the east and west and the
construction of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. 711 Muslim Conquest of Spain
Muslim forces reach as far into mainland Europe as…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
kingdoms and well established systems of government in western Europe. These

Page 5

Preview of page 5
succeeded the barbarian kingdoms and helped to secure the position of the Catholic
Church. Its influence had declined by c.1000 due to internal division and Viking raids.
C9th Two successive pope's
raised military support by promising spiritual benefits
Development of the idea of holy war.
Establishment of the Fatamid Caliphate…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
control of
southern Italy
Had previously been the property of the Byzantine Empire. 1068 Urban joins the
monastery
at Cluny
Shows religious commitment ­ monastic life was much purer than that of the worldly
priesthood.
1071 Seljuk Turks capture Jerusalem
Treatment of Christians worsens and pilgrimage becomes more difficult.
1071…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
what became known as the Investiture Controversy. He also developed the idea of holy

Page 8

Preview of page 8
war by insisting that all people owed service to God and that this could be in a military
form. He offered remission of sins to those who fought for him in the Investiture
Controversy. 1074 Gregory proposes a holy
war in the Eastern Med
Aimed to raise an army to…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Regained Rome in 1094 through bribary, diplomacy and Norman support. Flexibility and
policy of inclusion over retribution gained him support. Created the curia Romana (papal
courts) and spread the reform movement to new regions. 1089 Rebuilding of the Roman
port of Tarragona (NE Spain)
Sponsored by Urban and site of…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Urban gives the speech that launches the First Crusade. He continues to preach on his

Comments

No comments have yet been made