Component 1:Fitness and Body System

  • Created by: HULKSMASH
  • Created on: 20-02-18 13:25
Health
A state of complete emotional/psychological, physical and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
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Exercise
Physical activity that maintains or improves health and fitness.
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Fitness
Ability to meet the demands of the environment.
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Performance
How well a task is completed
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Sedentary
Lacking in physical activity.
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Hypokinetic disease
A disease caused by a lack of physical activity or sedentary lifestyle.
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Steroid
A drug, which can have harmful side effects, that is sometimes used illegally by athletes to help them become stronger and more muscular.
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Agility
The ability to control the movement of the whole body and change position quickly.
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Balance
Being able to keep the body stable, while at rest or in motion.
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Co-ordination
The ability to use two or more body parts together.
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Power
The ability to undertake strength performances quickly.
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Reaction time
The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of movement.
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Speed
The rate at which an individual can perform a movement or cover a distance.
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Norm
A pattern or standard.
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Protocol
Official procedure; set way to do something.
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Specificity
The particular requirements of an activity.
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Target zone
The range within which an individual needs work for aerobic training to take place.
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Progressive overload
Gradually increasing the amount of overload to improve fitness but without injury.
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FITT
Frequency,Intensity,Time,Type
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Rest
The period of time alloted to recovery.
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Recovery
Repair of damage to the body caused by training or competition.
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Adaptation
Your body's response to training and how your body changes to cope with new activity.
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Overtraining
Training beyond your body's ability to recover.
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Reversibility
Gradually losing fitness instead of progressing or remaining at the current level.
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Training threshold
A safe and effective level to train at.
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Karvonen formula
A test to find out an individual's optimum heart rate. 220-age=optimum heart rate.
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Interval training
Physical training involving alternating stages of high-and low-intensity activity.
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Fartlek
A method of training for runners where the terrain and speed are constantly changing.
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Plyometrics
Exercise where muscles use maximum force in short intervals of time.
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Explosiveness
The rate of force development is at the maximum for any type of muscle action using explosive power.
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Recovery
The time required for the repair of damage to the body caused by training or competition. Alternatively, the period between sets of a given exercise or between intervals in an interval training session/workout.
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Coronary heart disease
When your coronary arteries are narrowed by a slow build-up of fatty material within their walls.
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Alveoli
Tiny sacs within our lungs that allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to move between the lungs and the bloodstream.
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Diaphragm
The primary muscle used in the process of inspiration, or inhalation. It is a dome-shaped sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the rest of the body cavity.
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PAR-Q
a self -screening tool that can be used by anyone who is planning to start an exercise or training routine.
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Overuse Injury
Sustained from repeated action, such as shin splints caused by running.
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Acute injury
A sudden injury that is usually associated with the traumatic event, such as crashing into another player during sport, causing your bone to crack, muscles to tear or ligaments to snap.
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Blood Doping
An illegal attempt to improve performance in sporting events. This happens by artificially increasing the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream, boosting the blood's ability to bring oxygen to the muscles.
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Anabolic steroids
Drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth.
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Beta blockers
Drugs that are used to control the heart rate and have a calming and relaxing effect.
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Diuretics
Drugs that elevate the rate of urine production.
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Narcotics
Drugs that affect mood or behaviour, including drowsiness and relieving pain.
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Analgesic
A painkilling, or pain relieving drug.
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Stimulants
Drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system, such as increased mental and/or physical alertness.
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Central nervous system
Nerve tissues that control the activities of the body.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Physical activity that maintains or improves health and fitness.

Back

Exercise

Card 3

Front

Ability to meet the demands of the environment.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

How well a task is completed

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Lacking in physical activity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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