YOUTHFUL POP.

human geog.

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MANAGING UGANDA YOUTHFUL POP. C/S

  • like many LEDCS, Uganda has youthful pop.
    2007: 50% pop. were under 15 & only 3% were 65+.
    pop. is becoming more youthful.

WHY?

  • high BR & fertility rate - each yr, there are 48 babies born per 100 people & women have an average of 7 children during their reproductive yrs.
  • low LE: around 52 yrs
    = very few elderly: means proportion of pop. made up of youths = v. high.
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YOUTHFUL POP = PROBLEMS IN UGANDA.

  • main problem: overpopulation caused by high BR.
    uganda's pop. currently = 30 million, but by 2025 thought to grow to about 56 mil.
    too many people, too little resources means. . .
  • pressure on health service
    - around 6000 women die per yr during childbirth.
    - when youthful pop. reaches reproductive age, pressure will be even greater, leading to more deaths.
    - health service is also stretched due to HIV/AIDS - passed from mom to baby & through unprotected sex.
    therefore HIV/AIDS may further spread when youthful pop. have children = more strain on health system.
  • unemployment could get worse
    - 2003: unemployment in Uganda: 3.2%
    - however, 50% pop = under 15 & so weren't counted in these figures.
    - when large youthful pop. reaches workin age, there will not be enough jobs for them all = unemployment will rise further = increased poverty.
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STRATEGIES TO ADDRESS PROBLEMS

  • encouraging family planning & contraceptives:
    - use of contraceptives among married women = less than 25%.
    - new policies encouraging contraceptives allow women to plan how many kids they have & when they have them.
    e.g. Govt. bought in free condoms.
    HOWEVER:
    - family planning clinics aren't widespread - many do not have access to birth control.
    - since 1991, BR has increased, suggesting pop. management method isn't working.
  • policies to combat spread of HIV/AIDS
    - late 80s: programme of education: ABC approach introduced:
    Abstain from sex until marriage, Be faithful to 1 partner & use Condoms.
    - strategy worked - HIV infection rates fell from 15% in all adults - 1991 to 5% - 2001.
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