Population change in India (1)

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  • Population Change in India (LEDC)
    • 3.5 million square kilometres
    • 20th Century Change
      • First Census in 1872
        • Pop. recorded as 255 million
      • Census in 2001 population one billion
      • Typical LEDC pattern of pop. growth
      • Birth rate = 49 per 1000 in 1900
      • Death rate = 43 per 1000 in 1900
      • High death rate because
        • Spread of infectious dieases
        • lack of medical care
        • poor hygiene
        • Poor diet
        • Frequent outbreaks of war
        • Endemic diseases such as malaria
      • Birth rate are high
        • no family planning
        • High infant/ child mortality rate
      • Population structure
        • large youth dependency with 36% under 15
        • over 4% over 65
    • Change from 1930
      • Social conditions began to improve
      • Death rate begins to fall
        • 23 per 1000
      • Infant mortality + maternal mortality fell
        • Life expectancy increased
      • Birth rate almost unchanged
        • 43 per 1000
      • large potential for growth because of large youth pop.
      • 1970- birth rate started to fall
      • Young nature of pop. is likely to continue for another generation
      • Must attempt to fund services for a growing pop.
    • Gender imbalance
      • 113 boys born for every 100 years
        • some states= 129 boys per 100 girls
      • Reson - abortion of female foetuses
      • Results
        • cultural factors
        • greater prestiage of birth of males
        • Male heir
        • The cost of downy later in life for a female child
      • Most widespread in southern states of Tamil Nadu or urban areas
      • The government has made attempts to increase role of women in society
        • Banned sex-selective abortions but it still continues to happen

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