- increased pressure on public services: greater demand for schools/childcare.
- rapid pop. growth
large nos. children grow up & have families = increasing pop.
this may lead to overpopulation if there are not enough resources to cope with the no. people.
- too few jobs - not enough jobs for young when they mature.
more unemployed = more dependent on Govt. support.
- increased poverty:
more young born into already poor families = more impoverished people.
some children may have to work to help support large families, so they cannot afford school: & can never break out of poverty.
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POLITICAL IMPACTS OF AGEING & YOUTHFUL POPULATIONS
- whether pop = ageing/youthful, political impact is always the same.
- it changes what's important in elections & how people vote & policies e.g. immigration laws, taxes & pensions.
- elderly issues will be important to voters
e.g. changes to national pensions/heating allowances.
immigration laws may be relaxed to encourage workers into country.
- youth issues will be important to voters
e.g. student loans/childcare provision.
Govt. may need to increase teacher salaries, to encourage more into teaching.
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