POPULATION.

youthful population.

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YOUTHFUL POPULATION.

SOCIAL EFFECTS

  • increased pressure on public services: greater demand for schools/childcare.
  • rapid pop. growth
    large nos. children grow up & have families = increasing pop.
    this may lead to overpopulation if there are not enough resources to cope with the no. people.

ECONOMIC EFFECTS

  • too few jobs - not enough jobs for young when they mature.
    more unemployed = more dependent on Govt. support.
  • increased poverty:
    more young born into already poor families = more impoverished people.
    some children may have to work to help support large families, so they cannot afford school: & can never break out of poverty.
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POLITICAL IMPACTS OF AGEING & YOUTHFUL POPULATIONS

  • whether pop = ageing/youthful, political impact is always the same.
  • it changes what's important in elections & how people vote & policies e.g. immigration laws, taxes & pensions.

AGEING

  • elderly issues will be important to voters
    e.g. changes to national pensions/heating allowances.
    immigration laws may be relaxed to encourage workers into country.

YOUTHFUL

  • youth issues will be important to voters
    e.g. student loans/childcare provision.
    Govt. may need to increase teacher salaries, to encourage more into teaching.
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