PE End of Year Exam

Revision cards about training, sports participation, cardiovascular system, resparitory system, fitness and health, muscular system and skeletal system.

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  • Created by: Jessica
  • Created on: 03-12-10 13:21


What are the 8 principles of training and what does each mean?



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Specificity - the training has to be specific for what you want to improve on.
Progression - gradually increase the amount of training over a period of time.
Individual needs - matching training to the requirments of an individual.
Thresholds of training - the boundaries of a training zone.
FITT - frquency, intensity, time, type.
Overload - to increase the amount of training without injuring yourself.
Reversibility - the effect of loss of training after a stoppage in training for some reason.
Moderation - spread the training out over a period of time to stop too much overload.

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What is circuit training?

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Circuit training is where there are 8-15 stations with specific activities on each one. You spend a set time on each station the move on to the next one, allowing a rest inbetween. It's adaptable for all abilities and can be focused for a specific sport, not just fitness. It's not boring because it includes a variety of activities but can get crowded.

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What is continuous training?

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You exercise at a constand rate for an hour or more doing exericse such as running or cycling. You usually work at about 60-90% of your VO2 max . It's good for aerboic fitness, it burns body fat easily but it's boring and isn't a training method for a variety of sports.

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What is Fartlek training?

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Fartlek training is periods of high and low intensity bursts of exercise. You don't stop during fartlek. It can involve walking, running, jogging and sprinting. Each activity is for a set amount of time and you repeat the sequence a set amount of times. It's good for sports with different paces and is easily changed for different sports/people but it's difficult to see how hard the person is training.

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What is interval training?

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Fixed patterns of fast and slow exercises. Each repitition is called a rep and you have to do a set (group of reps) before resting. It's quite boring and hard to keep going but it mixes aerobic and anerobic exercises.

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