Physical Education Revision Notes Edexcel

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P.E. Revision
Section 1.1: A Healthy, active lifestyle
Topic 1.1.1: Healthy, active lifestyles and how they could benefit you
1. The three categories of a healthy, active lifestyle
A healthy active lifestyle is: a lifestyle that contributes positively to physical, mental and social wellbeing, and
includes regular exercise and physical activity.
Reasons for and benefits of taking part in physical activity
Benefits fall into three main categories:
Physical (improving health and fitness)
Psychological/mental (reducing stress and relieving related problems)
Social (making and developing friendships and building teamwork skills).
Physical Mental Social
Contribute to good physical health Mix with others Relieve and/or prevent stress or
Physical challenge Make new friends Mental challenge
Increase fitness Meet current friends Increase self-esteem and
Improve performance Develop teamwork/cooperation Help the individual feel good
Improve any of the factors of health Work with others. Contribute to enjoyment of life
related exercise.
Aesthetic appreciation.
2. Benefits of taking part in physical activity
1. To increase fitness.
2. To help the individual feel good. (Helps people look and feel better)
3. To relieve stress and tension. (Provides a distraction)
4. To increase self-esteem and confidence. (e.g. London Marathon)
5. To improve health. (e.g. the ability to withstand and recover from illness is related to fitness)
6. For enjoyment.
7. For a mental challenge.
3. Reasons for taking part in physical activity
Team sports help to improve teamwork and cooperation.
Mental in terms of both the preparation necessary to compete and the relief from stress.
Physical challenge
E.g. the London Marathon. It can be very satisfying.
Aesthetic appreciation
Moments in sport are often beautiful e.g. a goal in football. However sports like gymnastics are more
often thought of.
Development of friendships and social mixing

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Involvement with other people therefore improving links.
Topic 1.1.2: Influences on your healthy, active lifestyle
4. Influences on taking part
Many factors affect participation in physical activity. There are six main groups:
Most people's choice of activity is influenced by others.
o Children frequently take part in the same physical activities as their parents and often follow the
same sports and support the same teams.
o It is much easier to succeed in any activity with the encouragement and support of friends.…read more

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Facilities need to be open at the right times.
Health and Wellbeing
o People who are ill cannot take part.
Health Problems
o These can affect participation in sport. E.g. people who have asthma may not be able to take part
in sports which require a lot of running.
o Most activities have some associated costs ­ hire of facilities, lessons, equipment etc. If people
cannot afford to take part, their socio-economic status has influenced their involvement.…read more

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Active Kids Programmes
o Various supermarkets run voucher programmes in which vouchers can be exchanged to buy
sporting equipment.
6. Sports participation pyramid
The Stage where most participants are likely to be learning/experiencing basic sporting skills.
The stage where young people begin to participate regularly.
Young people begin to concentrate on specific sport skills and develop talent.
Sporting excellence. Governing bodies are responsible. I.e. Olympics.
Topic 1.1.3: Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy, active lifestyle
7.…read more

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Ability to meet the demands of the environment.
People exercise to improve fitness so that they can lead an active life without undue strain on their health and, in
some cases, so they can participate in sport.
How well a task is completed.
Fit but not healthy
It is possible to be fit and not healthy. Many sportsmen and women suffer debilitating injuries and illnesses.
8. The five components of health related exercise
These help us to stay physically fit and healthy.…read more

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The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.
Changing direction at speed.
Sports like gymnastics and also rugby (dodging opponents) require agility.
The ability to retain the centre of mass (gravity) of the body above the base of support with reference to static
(stationary) or dynamic (changing) conditions of movement, shape and orientation.
Can mean at rest or on the move.
Static balance:
o Keeping the body stable while stationary e.g.…read more

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Speed can be improved with practise.
Topic 1.1.4: Physical activity as part of your healthy, active lifestyle
10. Assessing your fitness levels
Personal readiness, PAR-Q (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire)
This asks you questions such as Do you experience chest pains? If any of the questions are answered 'no', you
should not start exercising.
Exercise to assess fitness levels
Before starting your exercise programme, you should decide what you are working to improve (Health Related
Exercise or Skill Related Fitness).…read more

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Matching training to the requirements of an activity.
E.g. if you want to improve on cardiovascular fitness, training must be matched to the needs of the
A goalkeeper has different requirements to a striker.
Gradually increasing/progressing the amount of exercise you are doing.
E.g. learn to control your jumps before somersaulting on a trampoline.
Working harder/doing more than you are used to, to increase fitness.
Doing more exercise than the muscles are used to doing in order to improve fitness.…read more

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o The method(s) of training chosen to achieve the goals.
o Overlaps with specificity.
12. Goal Setting
This means knowing exactly what the goal is.
E.g. "I want to run 100m more in the Cooper's Run."
This means that is will be easy to know when a goal has been achieved.…read more

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Heart rates can be measured and shown on graphs to evaluate session.
o Takes place over short periods or bursts.
o It includes repetitions of high quality work which raises the pulse to near maximum.
Very similar to interval training.
Originated in Sweden.
A combination of fast and slow running.
It includes periods of work followed by rest (lighter work).
Walk, jog and sprint.
o Can take place away from the track over pleasant landscapes.…read more


Sarah Tierney

Thank you that was really helpful :)

Caitlin Ward

Those revision notes are amazing!! Saves me so much time trying to find all the information...


Thank you so much! Really helpful!

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