Hungarian Uprising Causes
- Hungry after the second world war: On September 1944 the USSR invaded Hungry, driving Nazi forces back towards Germany. USSR troops occupied Hungry and continued to do so after the war even though Allied Control Commission For Hungry was set up to run the country. A new provisional government was set up to run the country, it agreed it pay the USSR $300 million in reparations. In November 1945 the independent small holders party won most of the vote, but Voroshilov would not let them establish a government, instead he established a coalition government containing the Hungarian Communist Party.
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- Impact of the USSR’s Control:
- On February 1947, some leaders of the smallholders’ Party were arrested and others fled Hungry due to Soviet control and pressure. This led to a new constitution based on the USSR system being drawn up, making Hungry a ‘republic of workers and working peasants.’. Rakosi emerged from the Communist Party to lead Hungry, claiming to be a follwer of Stalin. Hungary began a memeber of cominform and took orders from Moscow.
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- The Rule of Rakosi: Rakosi used terror and brutality to keep control, killing 2000 in the purges and imprisoning 200,000 political opponents. The secret police them became a dreaded part of Hungarian life. The Hungarian economy was controlled by the USSR through Comecon. This prevented Hungary trading with Western Europe and receiving any Marshall Aid. Hungary was therefore forced to trade with the USSR on uneven terms. Raoski seeing the Hungarian economy fall, put forward a five year plan to transform the economy. The plan failed as Hungary did not have the raw materials for heavy industry. When Stalin died the new leaved Malenkov, did not favor Raoksi, who was replaced by Imre Nagy.
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