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AS BRITISH POLITICS REVISION INFORMATION SHEETS


FOREIGN POLICY

BACKGROUND: Before the Boer War, Britain was in "Splendid Isolation". This meant it did not concern itself
with matters concerning other countries particularly, without formal alliances. This, at a time when
France, Russia, Austria, Germany and Italy were entangling themselves in Alliances,…

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FOREIGN EVENTS LEADING UP TO WWI; (It is worth noting that Britain was already very wary of German
ambitions by this point, as shown by the Media-there were fictional stories about German invasions, which
spurred public thought. These are events that affect Britain.

1896, KRUGER TELEGRAM.

1898, GERMAN FLEET EXPANSION.…

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NEW LOOK PARTY, after 1880 the party attempted to appeal to more people than before-not just
the laded gentry. Now appealed to middle classes, and attempted to appeal to working classes,
even, not through reform or help for them mind-behind imperialism, and anti-Home-Rule.

NEW ELECTORAL SYSTEM, made to benefit conservatives…

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government. However, they still believed that some had their place in society-and it was the
government's purpose was to get them there, and they still preferred voluntary contributions to
taxation. Lloyd George in particular was an advocate.

LIBERAL REFORMS. Though reforms came through between 1906-08, they were not particularly radical…

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proposed this to sidestep the Lords-as some of the aspects of a budget were acts rejected
previously, and finance bills were generally not rejected by the Lords, not for over 200 years.

THE CRISIS ITSELF. The budget was rejected by the Lords. This raised a question about who
governed Britain,…

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against property-such as artwork, golfing greens, race course turfs, plants at Kew, and Telegraph
wires. In 1913 Emily Davidson was killed by a horse at the Grand National as she protested by going
onto the track.

SUCCESS OF MILITANCY. Some say that militant tactics were successful, but overwhelmingly
historians agree…

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ones least likely to have the vote also severely hindered the party. Thus, their strength was growing,
but they were not particularly strong by 1914..

DEVELOPMENTS OF TRADE UNIONS. Trade Unions were growing from about 1880, for skilled and
unskilled workers, as there were two large depressions in 1879 and…

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RISING TENSIONS.

o The CURRAGH `MUTINY'. An officer asked the War Office what he was to do if his men were
unwilling to take action against the UVF. He was told they would be allowed to `Disappear', if
they lived in Ulster and wished not to. The officer returned and…

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o Dangerfield argued that New Liberalism ran out of steam, but reforms were still being
proposed up to 1914-Lloyd George was very interested in pursuing Land Reform between
1912 and 1915.

o Dangerfield argued that opposition groups were attacking Liberalism but others say the time
is coincidental-they were directed at…

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intervention early on, was not part of an overall plan-but reactions to problems as they arose, e.g.
the munitions crisis. Shipping was also a challenge-by 1917 one in four ships did not return, and so
the government took control of that to make the convoy system, this was important because…

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