THE WARS OF THE ROSES ULTIMATE REVISION GUIDE!!!

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
Signs of a King's success: Signs of a King's failure:
-Strong ,decisive leader ship -Weak, indecisive leadership
-United nobility - Divided, rebellious nobility
-Impressive wealthy court -Few signs of wealth and
-Strong defence against France splendour at court
and Scotland
- Danger attack France and
-Low levels of crime and disorder
Scotland
- High levels crime and disorder
1)The Wars of the Roses: The Essentials
Historiography
Historian: View point:
J.R Green Wars of roses- time complete
lawlessness, nobles motivated greed
and lust power, hired bands thugs
destroy kings.
Tudors ended- stronger system
monarchy.
C.L Kingsford Wars of the roses very little impact on
ordinary people.
K.B McFarlane Problems created poor kings not
failure system government.
Nobles thoughtful+ chivalric-
concerned good country and own.
War not wanted, slow to develop.
No widespread destruction.
Tudors- great continuity- no new start.
Christine Carpenter and Dr Complex explanation behaviour
nobility
John Watts

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
Influenced- own interests and good of
country, public pressures and public
expectations how country should be
governed. Influence common people.…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
Henry V
-Extremely successful- ideal king
-Beat French- battle of Agincourt 1415
2) WHY WAS LONDON FULL
2) WHY WAS LONDON FULL OF REBELS IN 1450?
The Rebellion
1449= terrible year English:
French ships attacking English coastal towns and trading ships
French soldiers close retaking all lands Henry VI conquered
Parliament= William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk- blamed all English failures
May 1450- Suffolk sold Normandy and English lands in France, the parliament
accused him of treason and…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
The spark that triggered the Rumours Lord Saye+ Thomas
rebellion? Crowmer (powerful), revenge
death close friend Suffolk
Beginning first petition, rebels
believed destroy houses and
farms
Therefore, fear of destruction
triggered the rebellion
Other local events that created Accused Crowmer, Saye and
anger other evil councillors of...…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
3) Extorted money local
people ­ making pay fines
falsely accused crimes
Fear of hunger and poverty:
farmers and cloth workers
decline income reduce prices
and sales abroad. Hunger +
poverty- increase chances
rebellion.…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
This led to... Preventing nobles closely
1) Slump cloth trade- no longer related king act councillors-
easy trade markets French most important qualification
towns councillor- royal blood. Duke
2) Increase French attacks of Gloucester- uncle could
English coastal towns defended Normandy but 1447
3) Refugee problem- people ­ arrested + accused treason
started live in Normandy had died. Rumour- Suffolk. Duke
to move back England ­ York- Lieutenant Ireland 1447
homeless. ­ exile strop criticising Suffolk.…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
In Henry VI second childhood
succeeded first without usual
interval
Henry always remained
childlike, incapable of ruling or
making his own decisions
B.P Wolffe Henry fully involved in
government- records or
important decisions `by the
king'
Blame for England's problems
b/c erratic, sometimes
involved sometimes not and
foolishly over generous giving
away far too much royal
wealth.
Vindictive and untrustworthy-
plotted downfall uncle
R.…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
Hole at centre of gov. Where
should have been king
providing leadership
Suffolk other nobles duty act in
country's interests by filling
gap Henry centre of gov.…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
3) WHY DID FIGHTING BREAK OUT IN 1455?
YORK SOMERSET
MILITARY MILITARY
Lieutenant of France 1436- Distinguished record as
37 and 1440-1445 soldier and war-leader
Reputation good political 1430s- tarnished command in
leadership France 1447 when English
1447- Lieutenant of Ireland lands surrendered and lost
PAST PAST
Father executed treason Relationship Henry VI's
1414- Henry V mother- forbidden
Himself very loyal Henry VI WEALTH
WEALTH Few lands therefore, little
Extremely wealthy lands income apart from what came
throughout England…read more

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WARS OF THE ROSES- REVISION GUIDE
because he closely related to king and because they hoped he
would restore the authority of government
York returned September 1450, anxious clear name conspiring with
rebels ­ proposed him as the man to be king's leading adviser.…read more

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jbailey149

This is absolutely fantastic! Thank you for sharing :)

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