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Who was the dual government?

1. Two bodies exercising power: Provisional government and Petrograd soviet




Problems faced by the Provisional Government:
1. Political problems:
Provisional Government has no legal authority to rule (not legitimate)
Temporary government (weakens their authority)
No tradition of democracy (parties wouldn't follow rules of democracy)
Petrograd…

Page 2

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What action did the Provisional Government take?
Political authority:
Shares power with the soviet
Failed because...
1. Soviet undermines the Provisional Government
2. Order Number One (officers had to be elected by own troops and that the army should obey
the Provisional Government's instructions only if they were agreed by…

Page 3

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Reasons why the Provisional Government failed:




The influence of Lenin:
Bolshevik policy in Lenin's absence: (Kamenev and Stalin)
Wait and watch the Provisional Government
Work with the Mensheviks in the Petrograd Soviet
Support the idea of a defensive war

Lenin's April Theses:
Wanted the Bolsheviks to overthrow the Provisional Government…

Page 4

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How did Bolshevik fortunes change from March-October 1917?

Page 5

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What happened in October 1917?
Key events:
1. The Provisional Government set a date for elections to the Constituent Assembly (in
November, SRs would win)
2. The Bolsheviks won a majority of seats in Petrograd soviet (Bolsheviks have over half the
seats in the Soviet, and so any vote that…

Page 6

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Democratic ­ supported by Democratic revolution which Armed seizure of power by a
the people had the support of the Russian minority or radicals
people

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