Textiles: Manipulating and combining materials

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Manipulating and combining materials
There are several reasons why you may combine fibres:
Working qualities
Better drape
To make a fabric keep shape
The handle
How it holds it shape
Absorbency
Practical qualities
Make fibre more hardwearing
Make a fibre crease resistant by adding synthetic fibres
Ease of care- blend fibres e.g. polyester, to make it easier to care
for and easier to wash
Warmth
Appearance
Create interesting effects/ textures through blending smooth,
rough, fancy yarns during construction
Lustre-adds sheen
Cost
Reduce cost of fibre
Mix with an inexpensive fibre meaning you can keep the
characteristics of the expensive fibre at a smaller cost
Fibres can be blended in 3 main methods:
1. Blending- two or more fibres are blended to make a yarn.
This can occur before or during spinning
2. Mixing- 2 or more fibres mixed in the construction of the
fibre. One yarn in the weft, one in the warp.
3. Laminating- process of combing 2 or more layers of fabric
with an intermediate layer of a polymer that sticks to
them both. They are joined together to enhance technical
properties e.g. interface, lace laminated to a woven fabric
for strength

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Popular fibre blends
Elastomeric fibres
When blended with fibres it adds stretch.
This is different to other blends because it is done with core spinning.
This is when the cotton fibre is blended by being wrapped around an
elastane core (Think of a stretchy bobble)
Viscose
Used in many blends and it makes the fabric more absorbent and softens
the handle.
It also reduces the cost.…read more

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