History: Life in Hitler's Germany

Notes that have been collected from several different sources; own notes, internet, books, revision guides etc.

Contains notes on: ideologies, economy, unemployment, agriculture, business, industry, women/family, youth, anti-semitism, churches, asocials, propaganda, individuals (Schacht, Goering, Goebbels, Himmler, Hitler), Nazi popularity

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  • Created on: 30-05-09 12:41
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Page 1

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Ideologies
14 April 2009 Important Dates:
15:24 1923 - Mein Kampf written


Today's Topics: Important People:
What were Hitler's main ideas and beliefs? Adolf Hitler



· Aims and Ideologies:
Aryan race was the master race - all others were inferior
Lebensraum
Anti-Semitism
Rearmament - "...the future of Germany depends exclusively…

Page 2

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Economy
14 April 2009 Important Dates:
15:21


Today's Topics: Important People:
Economic Recovery Hjalmar Schacht
Guns or Butter Hermann Goering




· Economic Recovery
Nazi Germany was a "HYBRID" economy (Franz Newmann) It had:
Private business (capitalist)
Government increasingly starts to control industry - what to make etc, especially during the…

Page 3

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slower rearmament and slowing of debt (stopping 1937 Walther Funk becomes
government overspend) minister of economics. Was more
Major industrialists and businessmen e.g Krupps passive and followed Goring's lead
favour a slower, more manageable rearmament Hitler
Military more in favour of Schacht's ideas. Think Some businessmen (not big ones)
Hitler…

Page 4

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Unemployment
14 April 2009 Important Dates:
15:24 June 1933 - Law to Reduce Unemployment


Today's Topics:
How was the large scale unemployment of the
German population dealt with?


· Work Schemes (Arbeitdienst)
Within first year, legislation/initiatives were introduced
Work schemes first used by Papen and Schleicher were extended by the…

Page 5

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Agriculture
14 April 2009 Important Dates:
15:24 Sept 1933 - The Reich Food Estate
Sept 1933 - The National Entailed Farms Act

· Agriculture
Main area of employment Important People:
Measures were introduced to help farmers Walther Darré
Tariffs were increased
Price of fats was raised by nearly 50%
Grants…

Page 6

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Business
14 April 2009 Important Dates:
15:24 Law for the Provisional Construction of
German Craft Trades (1933)
Law for the Protection of Retail Trade
(1933)
Today's Topics:
Small vs. Large Business




· Big Business
Winners of Nazi economic policy = large industrial companies geared towards rearmament
Co-operation of BB was…

Page 7

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State and party agencies gave preferential treatment to small businesses
The state made available low interest loans and a share of confiscated Jewish trade
Benefits
Benefited from the return of business confidence after 1933
Drawbacks
Status was not significantly raised as Hitler's first priority was the creation of jobs and…

Page 8

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Industry
14 April 2009 Important Dates:
15:24


Important People:
Today's Topics:
What impact did the Nazi regime have on Industry?




Industrial Workers

Schonheit der Arbeit (Beauty of Labour) set up to persuade employers to improve working conditions
in factories. This was done through promoting schemes highlighting the benefits of giving…

Page 9

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Women/Family
14 April 2009
Important Dates:
15:24 1933 - Law for the Prevention of
Today's Topics: Hereditary Diseased Offspring
What were the Nazi influences on Family and on
Women?

· Family
"The germ cell of the nation"
Wanted to increase;
Popularity of Marriage
Newly married couples were offered a 1000…

Page 10

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Youth
14 April 2009 Important Dates:
15:24
Today's Topics: Important People:
What were the Nazi influences on the Youth? Baldur von Schirach
· Organisations
Nazi Party created a rival organisation to the formal education system - the Hitler Youth
By 1939 roughly 90% of German youth were members
Young Germans…

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