Weimar and Nazi Germany 1919-1945

This powerpoint covers Germany from 1919 - 1945 and is mainly aimed at those studying the AQA Full course (as this was the specification I used to help me construct it and is the course i'm studying myself), but I'm sure it could be useful to anyone studying Nazi Germany.

Unfortunately, it's not entirely finished yet, there are still somes area I need to complete. But hope to do this soon, I just ran out of time today!!!

Anyway, I hope you find this revison source useful, enjoy :) ...

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Contents…read more

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The Nazi Rise to Power…read more

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The Weaknesses and Strengths of Weimar
Weaknesses Strengths
Treaty of Versailles: many Germans Stresemann: he got Germany's
hated the new Government because of economy back on track and marked
the loss of territory; the massive the start of the `Golden Years' (where
reparations that had to be paid; and Germans were given things like holidays
the `war guilt' clause (clause 231) that and their general standard of life was
blamed them for everything that greatly improved). He negotiated and
happened in WW1. implemented the Dawes Plan with the
Proportional Representation: It U.S.A (which made Germany's
was difficult to make decisions and get reparations easier to pay off). Also, he
laws passed because there were so introduced a new currency called the
many parties in the Reichstag = no Rentenmark, signed the Locarno pact
single party ever got a majority vote, (securing Germany's boundaries), and
coalitions often had to be formed managed to get Germany into the
It was hard to pick a Chancellor who League of Nations (which greatly
the support of most of the Reichstag improved the country's moral).…read more

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How was Hitler able to come to power?
The Great Depression caused massive unemployment - over 6 million by
1933 ­ and contributed to the collapse of the Weimar Republic. After the Wall
St. Crash in 1929 (which made paying reparations more difficult), and with the
Weimar Government repeatedly changing yet not solving any of Germany's
problems, extremist groups like the Nazis became more popular. They
promised strong leadership and to make Germany great again ­ this appealed
to many Germans from the unemployed to the young. In short, the Nazi
popularity increased during the Depression with Nazi membership growing to
over 3000,000 by 1930.
Also Germany had no strong Government ­ it was getting desperate for
one. Chancellor Heinrich Brüning couldn't control the Reichstag properly and
had to rule by emergency decree as no single party had enough seats to take
control of the Reichstag.
...…read more

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How was Hitler able to come to power?
Hitler was appointed Chancellor in 1933 by a reluctant Hindenburg. This
gave Hitler more control (although not yet full control)
The Reichstag Fire not only allowed Hitler to blame the Communists, and get
them arrested; but more importantly to bring in the Enabling Act that meant
he could pass laws without the Reichstag, and that made all other parties
The Night of the Long Knives eliminated rivalry and threats within the Nazi
party, the biggest of which was Ernst Röhm (the leader of the SA). On the 29th
­ 30th June 1934, Ernst Röhm was killed along with Strasser and von
Schleicher. Any potential opposition had been stamped out.
The final piece of the `jigsaw' was President Hindenburg's death (again in 1934)
as it allowed Hitler to combine the roles of Chancellor and President and call
himself The Führer.…read more

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