German depth study Notes

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Paper 1 ­ Question Booklet
Name ____________________
Teacher ____________________
Depth Study ­ Germany 1919-45
a) The problems of the Weimar Republic, 1919-1929
b) The rise of the Nazis and their consolidation of power,
c) Changing life in Nazi Germany, 1933-1939
d) Germany during the Second World War, 1939-1945

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Section A - Checklist
The problems of the Weimar Republic, 1919-1929
· End of World War 1 (1918)
· The Weimar Republic ­ constitution, problems
· Treaty of Versailles (1919)
· Political problems ­ putsches:
- Spartacist Rebellion (1919)
- Kapp Putsch (1920)
- Munich Putsch (1923)
· Economic problems:
- French invasion of the Ruhr Valley (1923)
- Hyperinflation (1923)
· `The Stresemann Years' (1923-29):
- Gustav Stresemann
- Economic recovery ­ Dawes Plan (1924), Young Plan (1929)
- Foreign relations
- Germany and…read more

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End of World War 1, The Weimar Republic, Treaty of Versailles
End of World War 1 ­ defeat! The Weimar Republic
Even before the end of 1918 it became clear that Two days after Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated, Frederick Ebert
Germany had lost World War 1. The German people announced that Germany would become a republic (a country
were exhausted and starving. Soldiers, sailors and without a king or queen) and called new elections.…read more

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Political Problems, Putsches
Why were there political problems in Weimar Germany?
The voting system used by the Weimar Republic ­ Proportional Representation ­ meant that
lots of political parties all had a share of power. This made it difficult to pass new laws and
often led to arguments.
Some of the parties (centre) supported the Weimar Republic whilst others wanted to destroy
it.…read more

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Economic Problems, The Ruhr Valley, Hyperinflation
France invade the Ruhr Valley (1923)
In 1922 Germany announced that it could not afford to
pay France the reparations demanded by the Treaty of
In response 60,000 French troops invaded Germany's
richest industrial area ­ the Ruhr Valley.
Passive Resistance
Instead of fighting back, the German government
ordered people living in the Ruhr not to cooperate with
the French and refuse to work - passive resistance.…read more

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How far did the Weimar Republic recover under Stresemann, 1924-29?
`The Stresemann Years', 1923-29 Economic Recovery
The problems facing the Weimar Republic reached their The Ruhr Valley. Stresemann persuaded the French to leave
peak at the end of 1923. the Ruhr by promising to start paying reparations again.
This meant that German factories could operate again.
Between 1923 and 1929, under the leadership of Gustav
Stresemann, Germany recovered and solved many its The Dawes Plan (1924). Allowed to Germany to pay
problems.…read more

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Section B - Checklist
The rise of the Nazis and their consolidation of power, 1929-1934
· Adolf Hitler - background
· The Nazi Party:
- 1919-1924
- Beliefs
- 1924-29
· Why did the Nazis increase in popularity between 1929-32?
- Elections
- Propaganda
- Stormtroopers
- Who voted for Hitler?
· Hitler becomes Chancellor
· 1933-34 ­ Democracy to Dictatorship, Chancellor to Fuhrer
- Democracy
- Reichstag Fire/Emergency Law
- 1933 Elections
- Enabling Law
- Trade Unions banned
- Political Parties banned
-…read more

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Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (1919-1929)
Adolf Hitler - Background The NAZI Party (1919-1924)
Born in Austria 1919: German Workers Party started by Anton
After being rejected by the Academy of Art in
Vienna was forced to live in poverty in hostels with 1920: Hitler became leader of the party and
tramps ­ during this period he first developed a renamed it the National Socialist German
strong dislike of foreigners and Jews. Workers Party - Nazi Party.…read more

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Elections (1929-32), Hitler becomes Chancellor
Why did the NAZIS increase in popularity Elections, 1930-1932
NAZI seats in the Reichstag
The Great Depression which followed the Wall Street
Crash (1929) affected Germany badly. 1930 ­ 107 seats
1932 ­ 230 seats
Increased unemployment = more support for the NAZIS and
1933 ­ 288 seats
How did Hitler win more votes between 1930-1932?
Propaganda. Joseph Goebbels produced propaganda
encouraging voters to support the Nazis ­ radio, posters,
swastika flags, badges and slogans etc.…read more

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Democracy to Dictatorship ­ Chancellor to Fuhrer
... means government
by the people who
vote for their leaders
in free elections.
30 January 1933
Hitler made Chancellor.
The Reichstag Fire was blamed on 27 February 1933
a Communist called Marinus Van
Der Lubbe. Reichstag Fire/Emergency Law
The fire gave Hitler the excuse to
pass an Emergency Law to `protect'
the country from Communists: March 1933
In the March 1933 the Nazis
not allowed to take part in the NAZIS win elections. won 288 seats (44%).…read more



Thank you, I really found it useful it answered all the revision questions that I had as a revision source :D

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