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Paper 1 ­ Question Booklet
Name ____________________
Teacher ____________________

Depth Study ­ Germany 1919-45
a) The problems of the Weimar Republic, 1919-1929

b) The rise of the Nazis and their consolidation of power,

c) Changing life in Nazi Germany, 1933-1939

d) Germany during the…

Page 2

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Section A - Checklist
The problems of the Weimar Republic, 1919-1929

· End of World War 1 (1918)

· The Weimar Republic ­ constitution, problems

· Treaty of Versailles (1919)

· Political problems ­ putsches:
- Spartacist Rebellion (1919)
- Kapp Putsch (1920)
- Munich Putsch (1923)

· Economic problems:…

Page 3

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End of World War 1, The Weimar Republic, Treaty of Versailles

End of World War 1 ­ defeat! The Weimar Republic

Even before the end of 1918 it became clear that Two days after Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated, Frederick Ebert
Germany had lost World War 1. The German people announced that…

Page 4

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Political Problems, Putsches

Why were there political problems in Weimar Germany?

The voting system used by the Weimar Republic ­ Proportional Representation ­ meant that
lots of political parties all had a share of power. This made it difficult to pass new laws and
often led to arguments.

Some of…

Page 5

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Economic Problems, The Ruhr Valley, Hyperinflation

France invade the Ruhr Valley (1923)

In 1922 Germany announced that it could not afford to
pay France the reparations demanded by the Treaty of

In response 60,000 French troops invaded Germany's
richest industrial area ­ the Ruhr Valley.

Passive Resistance

Instead of…

Page 6

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How far did the Weimar Republic recover under Stresemann, 1924-29?

`The Stresemann Years', 1923-29 Economic Recovery

The problems facing the Weimar Republic reached their The Ruhr Valley. Stresemann persuaded the French to leave
peak at the end of 1923. the Ruhr by promising to start paying reparations again.
This meant…

Page 7

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Section B - Checklist
The rise of the Nazis and their consolidation of power, 1929-1934

· Adolf Hitler - background

· The Nazi Party:
- 1919-1924
- Beliefs
- 1924-29

· Why did the Nazis increase in popularity between 1929-32?
- Elections
- Propaganda
- Stormtroopers
- Who voted for…

Page 8

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Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (1919-1929)

Adolf Hitler - Background The NAZI Party (1919-1924)

Born in Austria 1919: German Workers Party started by Anton
After being rejected by the Academy of Art in
Vienna was forced to live in poverty in hostels with 1920: Hitler became leader of…

Page 9

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Elections (1929-32), Hitler becomes Chancellor

Why did the NAZIS increase in popularity Elections, 1930-1932
NAZI seats in the Reichstag
The Great Depression which followed the Wall Street
Crash (1929) affected Germany badly. 1930 ­ 107 seats
1932 ­ 230 seats
Increased unemployment = more support for the NAZIS and…

Page 10

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1933-1934: Democracy to Dictatorship ­ Chancellor to Fuhrer
... means government
by the people who
vote for their leaders
in free elections.
30 January 1933

Hitler made Chancellor.

The Reichstag Fire was blamed on 27 February 1933
a Communist called Marinus Van
Der Lubbe. Reichstag Fire/Emergency Law
The fire gave…




Thank you, I really found it useful it answered all the revision questions that I had as a revision source :D

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