Detailed Overview of Nazi Germany

This is basically the whole course summarised down. Includes:

The Rise of the Nazis

Consolidation of Power

Economic Policy

Education/Hitler Youth





Political System

Foreign Policy

(Look at my timeline resource for key events as well)

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Final Essay Question


1. These sources are useful because they tell us about...

2. These sources are unreliable/reliable because... it is biased/exaggerating/leading
MP/official document/when it was written (primary or secondary source)/type of historian.
Does the reliability affect the usefulness of the source?

3. These sources are limited because they…

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This led to the Law for the Protection of the People and the State (Reichstag Fire Decree) to
be passed on the 28th February 1933. This led to total intimidation of Nazi "enemies" ­ 4000
communists were imprisoned ­ press was censored, there was no freedom of speech, letters and…

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Dachau, Sachsenhausen and Buchenwald by 1937 and three more by 1939. By 1939, there were
25000 prisoners in camps. In the camps the regime was brutal, the prisoners were all categorized:
Red: socialists/communist
Black: anarchist/antisocial
Yellow: Jewish
Pink: gay.
They had basic rations, living conditions were hard and punishments were…

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Local government had been "brought into line" in 1933. Posts were filled by local Gauleiters.
Even local government was unclear, unorganised and chaotic. Localities varied due to local Gauleiters.
Frick (Minister of the Interior) tried to control them but the Gauleiters discouraged Hitler from doing




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1939-1942: Victory

Between 1938 and 1939, Germany took over Austria and Czechoslovakia, gaining vital economic
resources, using a plunder/blitzkrieg techniques.

1943-1945: Defeat

Central Planning Board Reduced restraint on industry so to increase the output.
Total War Economy Big increase in productions of weapons etc.
Albert Speer Economic minister at the…

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During the Weimar Republic women had been treated well. They had the vote, were encouraged to
obtain a good education and many had jobs in professional areas. This all changed under Hitler. In
1933, women were banned from professional jobs e.g. doctors, teachers and lawyers. Women were
expected to…

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June 1934: German Interference in Austria. Italy made the Stresa Front with Britain and
France in 1935.
1935: Hitler announced that Germany would have an air force and conscription
against T. of Versailles. Anglo-Naval Agreement allowed Hitler to have the
equivalent of 35% of Britain's naval strength which caused France…

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Schuschnigg (Austrian Chancellor) signed the German Austrian agreement:
Recognised the independence of Austria
Austrian foreign policy would be consistent with Germany
Allowed Nazis to hold official posts in Austria.
Schuschnigg hoped this would appease Hitler. He was wrong. Schuschnigg's
position was undermined in 1936 when Hitler and Mussolini formalised…

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Czechoslovakia: The Munich Crisis, September 1938

Hitler determined on a Blitzkreig war against Czechoslovakia, to take the Sudetenland and make it
part of the greater Germany. The Sudeten Germans, led by Henlein and Frank, demanded
independence from Czechoslovakia. They were German speaking and could be added to the Reich


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