Nazi Germany 1933-39 - Complete guide for AS

This guide contains full notes on Nazi Germany 1933-39.

I only used the information in this document and achieved an A grade at A/S.

- Establishment of the Nazi Dictatorship
- The roles of propaganda, indoctrination and terror in the Third Reich
- Nazi social, religious and racial ideology and policy
- The nature and organisation of the Nazi political system
- Nazi economic policy
- Nazi foreign policy 

The course follows the WJEC 'key issues' but can be used for any history exam board. 

I hope you find these notes useful :)

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
HY2 Revision
Nazi Germany c.1933 ­ 1939
Complete Notes on all Key Issues
Specification:
Reasons for Nazi party growth and support by 1933 Hitler's
Origins:
appointment as Chancellor.
The establishment of the Nazi dictatorship
The roles of propaganda, indoctrination and terror in the Third
Reich
Key issues: Nazi social, religious and racial ideology and policy
The nature and organisation of the Nazi political system.
Nazi economic policy: recovery and rearmament
Nazi foreign policy up to 1939
Significance / The significance and consequences of the main developments
consequences: in Nazi Germany to 1939
Dominic Cawdell

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
Key Issue 1: Establishment of the Nazi Dictatorship
3 Key aims of the Nazi Party
1. Creation of a `racially pure' Aryan German race through removal of
`inferior' subjects (e.g. Jews/Communists/homosexuals/work
shy/disabled etc.)
2. Overthrow of the Treaty of Versailles and restoring Germany's
rightful place in Europe
3. Rebuilding `Greater Germany' and expanding Lebensraum
6 key reasons for Nazi electoral success
1. Collapse of German economy
a. 1928 ­ Wall Street Crash (USA cancel all loans)
b.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
7. Hitler appointed Chancellor ­ 30th January 1933
4 reasons Hitler's position as Chancellor was weak:
1. Only 2 other Nazis in the 12 man cabinet ­ Frick and Goering.
2. Coalition didn't have a majority ­ would be hard for Hitler to pass
radical legislation.
3. Chancellor's post dependent on Hindenburg ­ he could very easily
sack him, like he had done Papen and Schleicher.
4. Potential power of the army/trade unions ­ couldn't alienate
them.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
ii. Allowed arrest without charge (thousands of anti-Nazi
arrests)
iii. Communist leaders in early `Political Correction Camps'
(Concentration camps) - Dachau
4. Results of election (success or failure?)
a. Nazi Vote 43.9% (NOT a Majority)
b. Hitler had to join in a coalition with the Nationalists (gained
majority ­ but not 2/3rds to make radical change)
Key Points ­ Enabling Act (March 1933)
1. Consequences
a. Would create a 4-year legal dictatorship
b.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
d. Goerring and Himmler (in an effort to increase personal power)
pushed for the removal of Ernst Rohm (head of SA)
2. Events
a. SS members arrested leading SA men (including Rohm) and
executed them the following days
b. Approx. 90 men killed
c. A blood purge of the Party
3. Consequences
a. Removed radical arm of the party ­ threat to Hitler removed
b. Hitler won the support of elite and army
c.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
i. 1933-4 ­ Himmler assumed control of all the police
forces, including the Gestapo (Geheime Staats Polizei ­
Secret State Police) in Prussia and extended them over
the country.
ii. Responsible for intelligence gathering ­ and for all
intelligence and security ­ leader Heydrich but still part
of the SS.
iii. Policing (Gestapo and Kripo)
o Kripo responsible for maintenance of general
law and order.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
2. Forms of Propaganda
a. Radio
i. Goebbels and Hitler saw this as the most important
form of propaganda
ii. Volksempfanger (People's receiver ­ cheap radios for
the masses)
b. Posters ­ aimed at all different levels of society
c. Nazi newspapers (only ones available by 1935)
i. E.g. Der Sturmer
Key Issue 3: Nazi social, religious and racial ideology and policy
Gleichshaltung Process
1.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
b. Destruction of trade unions ­ led to seizure of assests of the
Social Democrat party ­ effectively banned 22nd June
c. Catholic Centre Party dissolved 5th July
d. 14th July ­ Decree that the Nazi Party was the only legal
political party in Germany
Volksgemeinschaft
1. "People's community" ­ term used and created by the Nazi
Propaganda machine
a.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
i. Jungmadelbund (League of Young Girls)
1. 10 - 14
ii. Bund Deutscher Madel (League of German Maidens)
1. 14 ­ 18
iii. Activities for Girls
1. Girls had to be able to run 60m in 14seconds,
throw a ball 12m, complete a 2 hour march,
swim 100m and know how to make a bed.…read more

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939
d. Mein kampf replaced the bible (Hitler the new messiah leading
Germany out of the wilderness
e. More pagan-based service
Racial Ideology
1. Aims
a. To relieve burdens from German society
b. To remove threat from the Volksgermeinschaft
c. Create an Aryan race for the 1000 year Reich
2. Asocial groups
a. Biological (medical) asocials
i. Racial/ethnic minorities
1. Black/Asian people
2. Eastern Europeans (Slavs/Poles)
ii. Disabled people
iii. Terminally ill/elderly people
iv. Mentally ill
b.…read more

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