World War Two - Early/Late and whole

  • Created by: Zobby
  • Created on: 21-05-16 11:29

First 2 years had ltd impact on G lives

+ Morale of population
+ Blitzkrieg early victories
+ Rationing
+ War Economy Decree
+ Regime reluctant to conscript women
+ Cultural life relatively unaffected
+ Air raids
+ Invasion of the Soviet Union
- Shortages of 'luxury' food stuffs
- Food rationing based on age/occupation/race - manual labour received more food
- Euthenasia action
- SD (Security Service)
- Rise in food prices
- Harsher criminal code
- Reluctance to conscript old women
- Soviet Union

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Hitler maintained widespread support latter ww2

+ Support from the population
- 1942 German defeats in North Africa
+ Increased the resolve
- 1943-45 Stalingrad 'Total war' and defeat
- Opposition groups
- D-Day on 6th June 1944
- Bomb plot 1944
- Communists after 1945
+/- Goebbels Propaganda
- Women conscription
- Working hours increased - increased food rationing leading to shortages and real hunger
- Hitler's nihilistic (destructive) behaviour in 1945

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WW2 overview - early

1942-45

  • Morale
  • Blitzkrieg
  • Rationing
  • War Economy Decree
  • Women
  • Cultural life
  • Air raids
  • Soviet invasion
  • Youth
  • Euthenasia
  • SD security service
  • Food prices
  • Criminal code
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WW2 overview - later

  • Defeats in North Africa
  • Allied bombing
  • Stalingrad
  • Total war
  • Opposition groups
  • D-Day
  • 1944 Bomb plot
  • Goebbels propaganda
  • Women
  • Working hours
  • Hitler
  • Communist opposition
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Explain why USSR changed lives in Germany

  • Psychologically and physically
  • People had been expecting closer relations
  • Fighting on two fronts
  • Increased hardship
  • Hitler made mistakes - troops sent without proper clothing/prop could not disguise morale decline
  • Stalingrad
  • By 1941 it was clear that Blitzkrieg had failed
  • Treatment of German POWS (Prisoners of war)
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Explain why Nazis had to ration food 39

  • German economy not fully prepared for war
  • Nazi economy not really ready for major war as result had to ration food + basics e.g. food, clothes, clothes, toilet paper
  • Much of pop. in war related industries - pressures resulting from premature outbreak of war create probs as many major projects involving rearmament not ready in 39
  • Much farmland used to build fortifications + airfields + had an impact of food production
  • Nazi agricultural policies not popular in 30's, many comtinued to migrate to towns in search of better work, some cases Labour shortages
  • Confusion in Nazi leadership between ST needs and LT plans
  • Series of different economic organisations functioned in their own way, often creating chaos
  • Huge drive towards rearmament pressure food production
  • Intro rationing meant everyone received fair share of food + morale maintained. During war was difficult for Germany to gain food imports
  • Four Year Plan from 36 not fully successful in creating economic self-suffciency
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Why Goebbels declared 'Total War' 1943

  • Stalingrad meant need to recapture initiative, regime stated defeat would not occur and only admitted in final hour
  • Goebbels needed to motivate G people as gvt feared hostile reaction to war
  • Nazi gvt feared revolt amongst G people as SD reports showed decline in morale
  • Goebbels needed to get G people to accept greater control + sacrifice. Working hours increase + from Jan 43 women conscripted into factories
  • War no longer one of conquest but survival and little option but to support war effort. Fear Soviet Union would seek revenge on G
  • Allied bombings taken toll by 43 w/ high no. casualties + deaths. Thousands of homes destroyed/damaged + industry + war production had been severly affected
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