Nazi Germany 1933-39 - Complete guide for AS

A comprehensive guide to Nazi Germany 1933-39!

Written using WJEC key issues but can be used for any AS/A level History course!

Covers Areas such as:

  • Racial policy
  • Social policy
  • Economy
  • Foreign Policy
  • Education
  • The Church

Basically.. everything you need to know about Nazi Germany for a high level grade!

 

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




HY2 Revision
Nazi Germany c.1933 ­ 1939

Complete Notes on all Key Issues

Specification:

Reasons for Nazi party growth and support by 1933 Hitler's
Origins:
appointment as Chancellor.
The establishment of the Nazi dictatorship
The roles of propaganda, indoctrination and terror in the…

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




Key Issue 1: Establishment of the Nazi Dictatorship

3 Key aims of the Nazi Party

1. Creation of a `racially pure' Aryan German race through removal of
`inferior' subjects (e.g. Jews/Communists/homosexuals/work
shy/disabled etc.)
2. Overthrow of the Treaty of Versailles and restoring Germany's…

Page 3

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




7. Hitler appointed Chancellor ­ 30th January 1933

4 reasons Hitler's position as Chancellor was weak:

1. Only 2 other Nazis in the 12 man cabinet ­ Frick and Goering.
2. Coalition didn't have a majority ­ would be hard for Hitler to…

Page 4

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




ii. Allowed arrest without charge (thousands of anti-Nazi
arrests)
iii. Communist leaders in early `Political Correction Camps'
(Concentration camps) - Dachau

4. Results of election (success or failure?)
a. Nazi Vote 43.9% (NOT a Majority)
b. Hitler had to join in a coalition…

Page 5

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




d. Goerring and Himmler (in an effort to increase personal power)
pushed for the removal of Ernst Rohm (head of SA)

2. Events
a. SS members arrested leading SA men (including Rohm) and
executed them the following days
b. Approx. 90 men killed…

Page 6

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




i. 1933-4 ­ Himmler assumed control of all the police
forces, including the Gestapo (Geheime Staats Polizei ­
Secret State Police) in Prussia and extended them over
the country.
ii. Responsible for intelligence gathering ­ and for all
intelligence and security ­ leader…

Page 7

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




2. Forms of Propaganda
a. Radio
i. Goebbels and Hitler saw this as the most important
form of propaganda
ii. Volksempfanger (People's receiver ­ cheap radios for
the masses)
b. Posters ­ aimed at all different levels of society
c. Nazi newspapers (only…

Page 8

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




b. Destruction of trade unions ­ led to seizure of assests of the
Social Democrat party ­ effectively banned 22nd June
c. Catholic Centre Party dissolved 5th July
d. 14th July ­ Decree that the Nazi Party was the only legal
political party…

Page 9

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




i. Jungmadelbund (League of Young Girls)
1. 10 - 14
ii. Bund Deutscher Madel (League of German Maidens)
1. 14 ­ 18

iii. Activities for Girls
1. Girls had to be able to run 60m in 14seconds,
throw a ball 12m, complete a…

Page 10

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Revision ­ Nazi Germany 1933 - 1939




d. Mein kampf replaced the bible (Hitler the new messiah leading
Germany out of the wilderness
e. More pagan-based service

Racial Ideology

1. Aims
a. To relieve burdens from German society
b. To remove threat from the Volksgermeinschaft
c. Create an Aryan race…

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