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THE CONSOLIDATION OF POWER
BEFORE THE NAZIS, WHAT WAS GERMANY LIKE?
In Germany they had a Reichstag (parliament). There were three main parties,
Conservatives, Progressives and Socialists (SPD). By 1912 Socialists was a growing force.
Only men over 25 voted in Reichstag every three years.
They also had a government, chancellors and other ministers which were appointed by the
Kaiser (emperor). The Kaiser could dissolve the Reichstag and controlled foreign policy and
the armed forces. The Kaiser also summons the Reichstag (assembly of ambassadors from
the 26 state government).
It had a sophisticated banking system with a growing population, and it also had a massive
industrial development.
Some people in Germany were catholic, the majority were protestant. Germany also had no
clear boundaries, which caused tension. Jews moving from Russia also caused tension to
grove. There was growing problems for the power class, due to the socialists supporting the
working class.…read more

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Social Structure
KAISER WILHEIM 2nd. Germ
Land Elites (aristocrats/Junkers and any wa
c s
Industrial Elites (bankers/businessman) very lass orie very for
t n m
Industrialists who had a lot of land. cons radition tated. I al
e s t wa
(cath rvative and s
o l , c h
Class Underneath 2/3) ic, 1/3 urch
go
. Peo o
abid ple w r prote ing
ing a s
nd c ere law tants
ultu
res.
Professional upper middle class (law
civil service)
Lower middle class (police, bank clerks,
junior civil servants)
1 9 2 4 to
ear s
The y ad been a
h
Class Underneath 1928 of relative
d
perio y and
it
Working Classes- industrial (factories) stabil rity in the
e
Peasants who worked the land. prosp of the
ry .
histo r Republic
a
Weim…read more

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Nazi Ideology
f o r 'living Social Darwinism - the idea that
he n eed i o n to
- t a t
e n s raum e r m an n the Aryan race was superior and
Leb
' f o r the G d. Jews were 'subhuman'.
space expan
h a t G e rmany
A strong Germany - the Treaty of y - t h e idea t l y self-
A u t a r k o m i c a l
Versailles should be abolished and u l d b e econ
sho nt.
all German-speaking people united sufficie
in one country.
Führ
er Germa
a sin - the ide n
gle le a Commu y was in dang
ader that the nists an e
rathe w re d Jews, r - from
r tha ith comp should b be dest who ha
d to
nad le e royed.
emo te powe
cracy r
.…read more

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The Rise of the Nazi Party
In 1928, the Nazi party had been a small, fringe party which could only gain 2.6% of the
vote in that years Reichstag elections. Its support was largely confined to Bavaria in the
south of Germany. After the failure of the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich 1923, Hitler had
abandoned his strategy of trying to achieve power through armed force and had opted
instead for a legal route to power. In 1928, this strategy appeared to have failed.
Within 5 years however, the position of Hitler and the Nazi part had been dramatically
transformed. In 1932, the Nazis had become the largest party in the Reichstag, although
not yet with an overall majority, Hitler had gained 13.4 million votes in the second round of
the presidential election in April.
The Nazis had attached support from many different regions and different social groups.
With the Weimar Republic undergoing a severe political crisis in the years 1930-1932,
Hitler has been in position to undermine the efforts of other parties to form stable
governments and demand the he be appointed chancellor.
The success of the Nazi Party during these years was due to a range of different factors,
some of which were the results of the serious economic and political crisis which Germany
was experiencing at the time, and some of which were due to Hitler and the Nazi Party's
own efforts.…read more

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Alfred Rosenberg
He was one of the Nazis leading ideologists. He was
the writer of many nationalistic, anti-sematic
pamphlets. His main work, The Myth of the Twentieth
Century published in 1930, drew on the theories of
earlier 19th century racial theorists and interpreted
world history in terms of racial conflict. Rosenberg
was also involved in the publication of the pamphlet,
The protocols of the Elders of Zion, which purported
to expose a Jewish conspiracy to achieve world
domination but which, in fact, a forgery.. Rosenberg
originally came from Estonia and eastern Europe but
claimed to have an ethnic German Heritage. He
moved to Germany in 1918 and became involved in a
number of nationalist groups in Munich before joining
the Nazi Party. He had ambitions to become a senior
figure in Nazi ranks but his rigid ideological beliefs
were his undoing. In the rise to power, and in the
exercise of power after 1933, it was tactical flexibility,
not ideological purity which was valued most highly in
the Nazi Party.…read more

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