AQA GCSE History Unit 1 Exam

AQA GCSE History Unit 1 Exam. Origins of First World War, Peace-making 1918-1919 and The Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations, Hitlers Foreign Policy and the Origins of the Second World War (including appeasement). All you need to know for your Unit 1 Exam! REMEMBER, the results are essential for the 10 mark questions.

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History Unit 1 Exam
Origins of the First World War
Alliance Systems and Splendid Isolation
Kaisers Foreign Policy
Naval/Arms Race
1st Moroccan Crisis, 1905-06, Algeciras
1st Bosnian Crisis, 1908
2nd Moroccan Crisis, 1911, Agadir
The Schlieffen Plan
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Peace-making 1918-1919, the League of Nations and the Treaty of
Aims of the Allies, Treaty of Versailles
o Clemenceau
o Lloyd George
o Woodrow Wilson
The Treaty of Versailles Terms:
o Territory
o Armed Forces
o War Guilt
o Reparations
o No Anschluss
o Not allowed in the League of Nations
o Demilitarisation of the Rhineland
The German Opinion on the Terms
League of Nations
o Aims
o Membership
o Organisation
o Sanctions
Manchuria, 1931-33
Abyssinia, 1936
Hitler's Foreign Policy and Origins of the Second World War
Hitler's Foreign Policy:
o Rearmament
o Remilitarisation of the Rhineland (1936)
o Lebensraum
o Saar Plebiscite (1935)
o Destroy Communism

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Destroy the Treaty Of Versailles
o Unite all German speaking peoples
o Establish a 3rd Reich
o Re-establish Anschluss with Austria, 1938, Failed Anschluss 1934
10 Year non-aggression pact with Poland
Anglo-German Naval Agreement
Sudetenland/Czech Crisis/Munich Agreement
Nazi-Soviet non-aggression Pact
Events of 1939/After invasion of Czechoslovakia
o For
o Against…read more

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Origins of the First World War
Alliance Systems and Splendid Isolation
Triple Alliance, 1882
Members: Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
Why was it formed?
In the Franco Russian War, France lost Alsace and Lorraine, Germany feared revenge
Germany wanted to isolate France
Leads to:
The Franco-Russian Alliance
France-Russian Alliance, 1893
Members: France, Russia
Why was it formed?
Reluctant allies at first, but France gave money to Russia for a railway
To protect France, as it was encircled
Leads to:
Germany fighting…read more

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Why was it formed?
Great Britain joined because of Naval Race and 1st Moroccan Crisis
Leads to:
Germany feels encircled
Increased Arms Race
Encouraged Germany to depend on Austria-Hungary and give the `blank cheque'
1) Alliances caused tension, jealousy and rivalry.
2) Entente Cordiale lead to 1905 Moroccan Crisis
Patriotism- thinking your country is the best. Leads to; Naval/Arms Race, the desire for an Empire.…read more

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Other countries suspicious
3) Moroccan Crisis 1905/6
4) Arms/Naval race
5) Contribute to the `blank cheque'- needs Austria-Hungary as an ally
Naval/Arms Race
Naval Race- Great Britain
Needs large army;
o As Great Britain is an Island
o To defend the Empire
Largest and most powerful in the world
2 power standard
Naval Race- German navy grows
Great Britain raises to a 3 power standard, paranoia
Raises Great Britain's suspicions, no empire, why need a large navy?
Germany says to protect and trade
Along…read more

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ALGECIRAS conference was held;
o Great Britain backed France
o Italy didn't back Germany
1) Germany is humiliated
2) Germany and Austria-Hungary are closer (leads to the `blank cheque' and the Balkans
3) Great Britain and France are more suspicious
4) 1907 Dreadnoughts
5) Pushed Great Britain into signing the Anglo-Russian Agreement
6) Germanys not going to back down again
1st Bosnian/Balkan Crisis, 1908/9
1) Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia because;
o They wanted to stop Bosnia joining with Serbia to form Yugoslavia
o…read more

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Great Britain think the Germans sent in there Gunboat Panther to establish a Naval Base in the
Mediterranean near the British Naval Base in Gibralta
6) The Agadir conference held. Germany was given the Congo.
1) Everyone even more suspicious
2) Germany is humiliated and has to step down and accept the Congo
3) France and Great Britain are pushed closer together against Germany
4) Austria-Hungary didn't get back Germany, and Italy was reluctant.…read more

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This was the catalyst that brought all the alliances into play.
1) All tensions are sparked
2) Austria-Hungary send a 10 point ultimatum, including allowing military occupation, to Serbia,
as Serbia supplied the weapons.…read more

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Aims of the Allies, the Treaty of Versailles
Clemenceau- France
What he wanted;
Germany to be crushed
For them to pay reparations
For their army to be reduces
To get back Alsace and Lorraine
For Germany never to be powerful enough to attach France again
The Demilitarisation of the Rhineland
Why he wanted this;
o They had always been old enemies
o There had been a part of France occupied by Germany during the war
o The fighting had been done mainly…read more

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No more secret alliances
Self-determination- no empires
Disarmament talks
A League of Nations, that would be set up for humanitarian reasons, like famine, and a peace
security, to stop aggression
He also wanted;
Germany to pay compensation
For German armed forces to be reduced (he wanted everybody's army to be reduced)
Peace, and not the total destruction of Germany
Why he wanted this;
o USA had entered the war in 1917, which meant that:
They had no debt
They had made money from other people…read more


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