AQA GCSE History Nazi Germany 1919-1945

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5.1 Hovv did the Nazis change
the cultural climate of Weimar
In the 1920s a lively, modern culture developed under the
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and entertainment that existed in the 1920s. You will need
to work out why the Nazis disapproved of Weimar culture
and were so keen to change the cultural climate of
Germany when they took control.
Art and entertainment during Source 1
the 19205
With peace at home and abroad, and a new prosperity
- for some at least, Germany under the Weimar
Republic experienced a cultural revival during the
1920s. Writers, poets, artists and film-makers
flourished. Artists such as Grosz, Klee and Kandinsky
had international reputations, while Berlin became
famous for its jazz bands and daring cabaret acts.
Going to clubs was a major pastime. By 1927 there
were over 700 jazz bands in Berlin.
Before the First World War there had been strict
censorship in Germany. However, during the time of
the Weimar Republic restrictions were removed. Cabaret
artists performed songs criticising the government, sex
was discussed openly and Berlin became famous for its
transvestite balls, naked dancing and nightclubs.
The 1920s were a golden age for the German film
industry. Films made by German directors such as Fritz
Lang were technically advanced and attracted large
audiences. Actresses like Marlene Dietrich became
very popular, playing strong and glamorous female
In modern architecture the Bauhaus school led the
world. Bauhaus architects made use of modern materials
like steel and plate glass to design new and exciting
houses, apartments, factories, galleries and shops. ..·· A poster for the film The Blue Angel, starring Marlene
However, not everyone approved of the cultural revival Dietrich. The story focuses on a university professor who
that took place during the 1920s. Some thought that becomes obsessed with a cabaret singer called Lola
Weimar culture represented a moral decline and that
things had gone too far. They were shocked by the
club scene in Berlin and argued for a Cl return to simple,
traditional values. The Nazis felt the same.

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How did the Nazis change the cultural climate of Weimar Germany?
How did the Nazis change Source 2
Weimar culture?
The Nazis ended the free expression that had existed
during the time of the Weimar government. They
introduced strict controls. No books could be produced
without permission and only Nazi-approved artists
could show their work.
Music and theatre
Jazz music was banned because it was seen as 'black'
music which was racially inferior.…read more

Page 3

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Section 5: Culture and propaganda
5.2 Hovv did the Nazis use propaganda Source 1
to control the German people? From Mein Kampf, by
Adalf Hitler:
As we have already seen in Section 2.2, Heinrich Himmler used his The powers of
terror network to keep the German people in line. However, the understanding of the
Nazis did not just use fear to control the German people. Josef masses are feeble. And
Goebbels, another important henchman, ran the Nazis' propaganda they quickly forget.…read more

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5.2 How did the Nazis use propaganda to control the German people?
Books Source 3
As soon as they came to power, the Nazis organised
official book-burnings - books were burned in public
on massive bonfires. The Nazis burned:
· books by Communists and Socialists
· books by Jews
· books by anyone they disapproved of
· books containing ideas they disapproved of.
By burning books the Nazis were preventing German
people from reading and thinking beyond the Nazi
message.…read more

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Section 5: Culture and propaganda
Sport as propaganda: the 1936 Berlin
Olympics To what extent were the Berlin
One of Goebbels' greatest propaganda challenges came when Berlin was Olympics a propaganda succe
selected as the venue for the 1936 Olympic Games. Some leading Nazis for Goebbels? Use the informa - -
did not want Germany to host the Olympics but Goebbels argued that it and sources on pages 86-87 to
would be a great propaganda opportunity.…read more

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How did the Nazis use propaganda to control the German people?
Hitler's persecution of the Jews was well known by
this time. Some countries threatened to boycott the
Source 10
Games. In response the Nazis included one token
Jewish athlete in their team. Other countries sent
amateur athletes who had to take time off work and
lose pay to attend the Games. In contrast, German
competitors were full-time athletes and had trained
carefully for the Games.…read more

Page 7

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On page 57 you saw how Section A on your Enquiry in Depth exam
paper will be structured. It is important to note that the last two'S;
questions carry as many marks as the first three. You need to time
yourself very carefully during the exam. It is worth producing a time
plan like the one below.
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Page 8

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In your exam paper, questions will often be set that ask you to evaluate the
value of a source for a specific enquiry. This question requires you to evaluate the
extent to which the information in a source would help the historian in a specific
enquiry and how reliable that information is. You need to think carefully about
how you approach this type of question.…read more


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