GCSE History ~ Cold War Revision (AQA)

My revision notes written up from all my work over the past year and a half, as well as some notes from Johndcare which you can find HERE .

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  • Created on: 04-12-11 19:26
Preview of GCSE History ~ Cold War Revision (AQA)

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The Cold War
1. In West Germany, what type of government did they have?
In West Germany the government was Democratic. This meant you voted for lots of parties.
1. What was the government like in East Germany?
In East Germany the government was communist. This meant it was a one party sidem and the
country was run by that party.
1. What were the human rights like in West and East Germany?
West Germany had few limits on demonstrations, they were allowed freedom of speech.
Althouh East Germany had strict limits on freedom of speech.
2. How was money distributed in West and East Germany at the time?
In west Germany wealth was distributed unevenly, you got paid for how you worked. Though
in East Germany Money was distributed evenly. Fewer people are either rich or poor.
Average housing was poor.
1. How was the media on both sides of the "Iron Curtain"?
On the West side, anything can be said by the media ­ Although on the East the media is
1. When was the meeting in Yalta between the "Big three"?
The meeting in Yalta was in February 1945 (Just before the end of WWII)
1. What was the meeting about?
The meeting was to chat about what to do with Germany after it's defeat.
1. Mention the ideas that the "Big Three" brought up in Yalta?
Germany to be divided into four zones.
Berlin (in Soviet zone) also to be divided into four, in the same way.
Hunt Nazi war criminals.
Free elections in Easter Europe.
Stalin said USSR ro fight Japanese in return for land in the far east.
UN to replace League of Nations.

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Germany to pay for war damage.
1. The four zones in West Germany and Berlin would be occupied by which 4 countries?
The 4 "zones" would be occupied by: Britain, France, U.S.S.R and the U.S.A.
1. What was the word that meant Germany paying back war damage?
Reparations was the word that meant Germany paying back for all of the war damage.
1. Who were the "Big Three" ?
U.S.A ­ Roosevelt
U.S.S.R ­ Stalin
Britain ­ Churchill
McCarthy Witch Hunts
1.…read more

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A missile was set up in Turkey by the U.S.A, it was set up because the U.S.S.R was trying to
take control of Turkey.
The Marshall Plan
1. The Marshall Plan accompanied the Truman Doctrine. What was the aim of the plan?
The aim of the Marshall Plan was to help Europe to recover from war.
1. Why did the U.S.A begin this plan?
The US feared a Europe in poverty may turn to communisim.…read more

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What happened if anyone went against Stalin's wishes, and give me an example?
If anybody went againts Stalin's wishes they would be removed. E.g Tito in Yugoslavia (1948).
1. What did the West (US) do to help West Germany?
Other than the Marshall plan, they helped strengthen W. Germany's industry and let it odd
some reparations. Stalin was furious.
The Korean War
1. What happened between June 1950 July 1950 (Korean war)?
Troops invaded South Korea in a bid to reunite Korea by force.…read more

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Why did these protests happen?
Hungarians were fed up with their leader, Gero, who have been chose by the Soviet. They
wanted to choose their own leader. There were thousands of soviet troops in Hungary,
protesters wanted them out!
North Korea (commuist) invaded South Korea (capitalist). The Causes: (Memory work: Ducks}
· Domino theory:
Truman thought that far Eastern countries would fall like dominoes. China became
communist in 1949. Truman feared Japan would follow. He felt he had to stop this.…read more

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The Rebels who were supported by the US landed at the Bay of Pigs in April 1961, they
received no support when they landed and were defeated within days. Kennedy had failed to
stop the Berlin wall being built, now the Bay of Pigs was a failure ­ Khrushchev saw this as a
weakness, but was aware Kennedy had missiles in Turkey.
1. Who was Khrushchev?
Khrushchev was a communist leader who led the Soviet Union for part of the Cold War.
1.…read more

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The war against Hitler had united America and Russia, but post-war splits
appeared. They stopped short of full scale war because of the
development of the Atomic bomb.
It turned into a battle for world domination.
2. CAUSES OF THE COLD WAR [memory word: BARE]
Russia was (3 things)
a Communist country,
ruled by a dictator
who cared little about human rights.
America was (3 things)
a capitalist
which valued freedom.…read more

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3. EVENTS (9 events):
February 1945
Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt agreed to (5 points):
Divide Germany into 4 zones occupied by France, Britain,
Hold free elections in Eastern European countries.
Give the USSR territory in Manchuria in return for their help
against Japan.
Set up the United Nations.
Set up a government of Communists and non Communists in
On the surface, everything seemed friendly
Tension behind the scenes
July 1945
At Potsdam the tensions surfaced.…read more

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Hungary (4 things)
(1947) ­ Russian troops stayed there. Stalin
allowed elections (non-communists won a big
majority). The Communists were led by the
pro-Russian Rakosi.
Rakosi demanded that groups which opposed him
should be banned.
He got control of the police, and arrested his
He set up a secret police unit, the AVH.
(1945­1947) ­ the Communists gradually took over
(1945­48) ­ in 1948, the Communists banned all
other parties and killed their leaders.…read more

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COMINFORM (3 things)
October 1947
Stalin forbade Communist countries to accept Marshall Aid.
Cominform was set up to control all Communist countries in
March 1948
Communists took control
Panicked the US Senate into granting Marshall Aid (31 March 1948)
Causes [memory word: CABAN]
Cold War
was beginning to bite ­ created tension.
USA and Britain wanted Germany to recover
Stalin wanted to destroy Germany and was looting German
industrial capacity.…read more


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