AQA GCSE History Nazi Germany 1919-1945

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3.1 Hovv much change did the Nazis
bring about in German society?
Hitler had very clear ideas about how everyone fitted into his Nazi
future. Young people, women and workers had important roles but
Jews and others soon discovered that they had no place in Nazi society.
Youwill find out about some of these people and decide how much the,
Nazis really changed people's lives.
Hitler's Germany Source 1
Hitler had very clear ideas about the kind of Germany he wanted.
A Germany with the Nazi Party in NSDAP '.
control VOLKS-
It was not the job of the German people to GEMEINSCHAFT
vote, or criticise; they had simply to obey
and be grateful.
A racially pure Germany
Only Aryans - the blond-haired, blue-eyed
and pale-skinned - would be welcome.
A Germany with traditional roles for men and women
Women, wearing simple clothes and no make-up, would stay at home,
cook simple meals and produce babies.
Men would work and, if necessary, fight.
Boys and girls would be prepared for their different roles through the
education system.
.·. A Nazi propaganda poster from the
1 What does Source 1 tell you about each of the three big Nazi ideas: 1930s. At the top it says: 'The NSDAP
(Nazi Party) protects the national
a) racial purity
community.' At the bottom it says:
b) traditional roles for men and women 'People: if you need help, go to your
c) the role of the Nazi Party? local Party group'
2 What else does it suggest to you about Nazi rule?
Look at the four Germans on the opposite page. Draw a table to show how the Nazi ideas might change each
person's life. Create a row each for Hans, Karl, Gudrun and Lisa, and add three columns, headed Their lives in
1933, Your prediction: changes likely in their lives under Nazi rule, and What really happened.
1 In the first column, write three points about the life of each person in 1933.
2 How do you think their lives might change under Nazi rule? Put these ideas in column 2.
3 Which person do you think is g-oing to be affected most by Nazi rule?
You should leave column 3 blank for now. Fill that in later as you work through Sections 3 and 4.

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Page 2

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How much change did the Nazis bring about in German society?
Life in Germany, 1933
Here are four Germans, talking about themselves in 1933. Hitler has just
become ruler of Germany.
I'm Karl and I livein Dortmund. I'm a metal
Karl My name is Hans and I'm thirteen
worker. I'vegot twenty years' experience years old. I live in a small town with my
at a lathe, so I knowwhat I'm doing. Or I parents and my younger sister, Anna.
would, if I had a job.…read more

Page 3

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Section 3: German economy and society
How did the Nazis change the lives of Gudrun
Source 2
Hitler, speaking in 1934 at a Nazi Party conference:
Woman has her battLefield too; with each child that she brings into the world, she is
fighting her fight on behalf of the nation.
The Nazis were very old-fashioned in their attitude to women. They
wanted women to be mothers not workers.…read more

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As you have already seen, the ability to use sources effectively is a
crucial skill you need to practise for your GCSE History exam. Use
the sample questions on this page to improve your skills. Remember
to use the advice on pages 26-27 and page 57 to help you.…read more

Page 6

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How much change did the Nazis bring about in German society?
What was the Nazi attitude Source 6
towards religion?
Hitler hated Christianity. He hated its teaching of
forgiveness and mercy. He hated it because it was
, ased on the Jewish religion. Also, people who
. elieved in God might be less likely to worship Hitler
as leader of Germany. But he dared not shut the
Churches down because they had such massive
support among the German people.…read more

Page 7

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Section 3: German economy and society
3.2 Hovv successful vvere the
Nazis in rebuilding the German
Hitler wanted to regain the land that Germany had lost in
the Treaty of Versailles and to dominate Europe. To do this
he needed a strong economy. The Nazis aimed to reduce
unemployment and rebuild the German economy so that
Germany was self-sufficient and did not rely on other
countries.…read more

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How successful were the Nazis in rebuilding the German economy?
How were the workers treated? Source 3
Trade unions and all workers' organisations were abolished. All workers
had to join the German Labour Front (DAF),run by the Nazis. The
Labour Front organised some improvements to workers'lives. They
negotiated better conditions at work: better lunches, new toilets, etc.
Through an organisation called 'Strength Through Joy', they also arranged
leisure activities for workers and their families.…read more

Page 9

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Section 3: German economy and society
How successful were Nazi Source 5
economic policies?
By 1933 the worst of the Great Depression 6 30 er
was over. However, Germany still faced ~
major economic problems. The huge public 3
buildings programme, paid for by the ""
government, was very successful. As you can ::J
see from Source 5, unemployment dropped '"
dramatically. By 1939 Germany was running ~
short of workers.…read more

Page 10

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How successful were the Nazis in rebuilding the German economy?
What was the impact of war on the
German economy and society?
The Second World War began, for Germany, in September 1939. In the
early stages of the war, despite food and clothes rationing, morale
amongst the German people was high as the war was going well. In 1941
German forces invaded the USSR. By the end of 1942 Hitler had achieved
extraordinary military success.…read more


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