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History:
Paris peace conference. Aims of Clemenceau (France) George (Britain) Wilson
(America)
Wilsons 14 point plan.
1. No secret treaties
2. Free access to the sea for all
3. Free trade between countries
4. Disarmament by all countries
5. Colonies to have a say in their own future
6. Russia…

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3. Encouraging Cooperation
4. Improving living and working conditions

It was intended to police the world.
It began work in January 1920
There were 42 members to start with, and 59 by the 1930's.
All the members followed a Covenant of 26 rules.
The assembly met once a year, and…

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All main members were guilty of making secret alliance
Differences between Communism and Capitalism.
Communism A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a
single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order
in which all goods are…

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NATO:
War seems possible during the Berlin blockade so the Western powers met in Washington and
signed an agreement to work together.
Arms race.
The nuclear arms race was central to the Cold War. Many feared where the Cold War was going with
the belief that the more nuclear weapons…

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The U2 crisis 1960
On 1st May 1960 an American U2 spy plane was shot down over Russia and the pilot, Gary Powers,
was captured. At first, the Americans tried to say that it was a weather plane, but they were forced
to admit that it was a spy plane…

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in the process of their escapes. Despite the danger, there were also widespread protests within
Czechoslovakia over the Soviet occupation.

The Brezhnev Doctrine.
The Czechoslovak episode gave risk to the Brezhnev Doctrine. The essentials of Communism were
defined as:
A one-party system diary
To remain a member of the Warsaw…

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