AQA (B) AS PSYB2 Unit 2 revision notes!

Yes! My final exam and my final revision notes.


*Social cognition

*Remembering and forgetting 


They are all available on these, sorry if I don't cover your topics. 

Good luck for your exam!

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(Yes they took a long time so please don't pass off as your own).

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Unit 2 PSYB2 Social Psychology, Cognitive
Psychology and Individual Differences
Social psychology
Impression formation
What is impression formation?
Impression formation is the process by which we develop ideas about what people are like.
Impressions affect how we feel about others, how we might act towards them and how we might act towards them
and how we think they may act.
Impression formation is important when meeting someone for the first time.…read more

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Physical appearance
+ Attractive
- Not attractive
+ People who we encounter everyday
- Doesn't communicate appropriately
+ Selfless
- Selfish
Social schema
An important factor of impression formation is social schemas.
What are social schemas?
They are a mental framework for representing information about themselves, other people and situations.…read more

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Primacy and recency effect
What is primacy and recency effect?
Primacy effect is the information presented first has the strongest influence on impression formed.
Recency effect is the information presented last has the strongest influence on the impression formed.
They both occur during impression formation.
Key study: Asch (1946)
Aim To investigate the order of information given about a person this influences the impression formation of a
Method Asch gave participants one of two lists of adjectives describing a person.…read more

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Key study: Razran (1950)
Aim How ethnic stereotypes influence personality judgements.
Method Participants were shown a set of photographs of young women and asked to rate the women for factors such
as likeability, beauty, intelligence and ambition. The ratings were recorded, two months later, the same
participants were asked to rate the same photographs, but this time the names were printed on them. The
names gave clues about their ethnicity. Participants were asked again to rate on the same traits.…read more

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When it is the actor the focus is on the situational attribution in terms of the environment, externally.
In contrast, the focus on the observer is focused more on the person they are and how they are behaving.
This is because of the important differences between the amount of information known about each; the self (actor)
has extensive information about how they have behaved in the past and the kind of person they are.…read more

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Results Teachers who were told their pupils had performed poorly attributed poor ability to the pupil. By contrast,
teachers whose pupils had done well attributed this to the teaching ability of the teacher.
Conclusio The self-serving bias is present because the teachers attributed the success of the pupils to their own teaching
n skills and ability. By contrast, teachers attributed poor performance in the test to the lack of ability in the pupils,
and not to poor teaching.…read more

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The adaptive function
They are attitudes which express our desire to obtain rewards or to punishment.
You will adopt similar attitudes to those of someone you want to impress or make friends to gain social acceptance.
The self/ego-expressive function
You have a need to let other people know our opinions, attitudes and views. It represents the fact that we have a
need to communicate as humans.
Attitudes that we regard to as being most important and central to us are resistant to change.…read more

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E.g. I will never take drugs.
The cognitive component
This is the belief component; it includes facts: what the person knows, believes or perceives about the attitude
There are no feelings attached.
E.g. drugs can lead to addiction and in the worst scenario death, I learnt about this in school.
There tends to be a high degree of consistency between the three but not always, there are inconsistencies.…read more


Neil Andblomi

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