AQA (B) AS PSYB2 Unit 2 revision notes!

Yes! My final exam and my final revision notes.

ANYWAY...

*Social cognition

*Remembering and forgetting 

*Autism

They are all available on these, sorry if I don't cover your topics. 

Good luck for your exam!

Feel free to comment.

(Yes they took a long time so please don't pass off as your own).

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3.2 Unit 2 PSYB2 Social Psychology, Cognitive
Psychology and Individual Differences
Social psychology



Impression formation
What is impression formation?
Impression formation is the process by which we develop ideas about what people are like.

Impressions affect how we feel about others, how we might act towards them and how we…

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Physical appearance
+ Attractive
- Not attractive


Familiarity
+ People who we encounter everyday
- Doesn't communicate appropriately


Behaviour
+ Selfless
- Selfish

Social schema
An important factor of impression formation is social schemas.

What are social schemas?
They are a mental framework for representing information about themselves, other people…

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Primacy and recency effect

What is primacy and recency effect?
Primacy effect is the information presented first has the strongest influence on impression formed.

Recency effect is the information presented last has the strongest influence on the impression formed.

They both occur during impression formation.

Key study: Asch (1946)
Aim…

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Key study: Razran (1950)
Aim How ethnic stereotypes influence personality judgements.
Method Participants were shown a set of photographs of young women and asked to rate the women for factors such
as likeability, beauty, intelligence and ambition. The ratings were recorded, two months later, the same
participants were asked to…

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When it is the actor the focus is on the situational attribution in terms of the environment, externally.

In contrast, the focus on the observer is focused more on the person they are and how they are behaving.

This is because of the important differences between the amount of information…

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Results Teachers who were told their pupils had performed poorly attributed poor ability to the pupil. By contrast,
teachers whose pupils had done well attributed this to the teaching ability of the teacher.
Conclusio The self-serving bias is present because the teachers attributed the success of the pupils to their…

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The adaptive function
They are attitudes which express our desire to obtain rewards or to punishment.

You will adopt similar attitudes to those of someone you want to impress or make friends to gain social acceptance.

The self/ego-expressive function
You have a need to let other people know our opinions,…

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E.g. I will never take drugs.

The cognitive component
This is the belief component; it includes facts: what the person knows, believes or perceives about the attitude
object.

There are no feelings attached.
E.g. drugs can lead to addiction and in the worst scenario death, I learnt about this in…

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