AS AQA B PSYB2

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: gilda95
  • Created on: 09-05-14 13:02
View mindmap
  • Social Influence
    • Social Facilitation
      • When performance of task is affected by presence of audience
        • Study: Triplett Fishing line study.
      • Dominant Response: A well learned/practice task e.g basketballer
        • Study: Michaels et Al - Pool players study
      • Arousal
        • Evaluation Apprehension - Concerned that audience are evaluating performance
          • Study: Bartis et Al - knife study. had to list basic uses of knife and creative uses.
        • idea that presence of other people increases general levels of arousal
          • Evaluation - There is not one expalination for SF agreeged to.
        • Distraction - presence of other people creates distraction = conflict between paying attention to task or people = increase arousal.
    • Obedience
      • Milgram - ibestigating obedience to authority
        • Method - allocated particiapants rold of teacher and confederats as learner. Teacher reads out wordand learner says word pair. i flearner says wrong word pair, teacher agives electric sc
        • Evaluation - Ethical issues
      • EXPLAINATIONS
        • Legitimacy of System - The extent to which a group (religion, family etc) is seen as legit source of authority
        • Legitimancy of Authority - the extent to which the person who gives out order has authroity to give out that order
        • Legitimacy of Order - the extent the person who gives the order, has authority to give that order
    • Conformity
      • TYPES OF CONFORMITY
        • Compliance- conforming to beliefs and ideas but dont acutally believe them ti be true. do it to 'keep peace'
          • Normative SI : Conform to maintain harmony in a group, gain acceptance & avoid rejection. Dont believe viw to be true
      • changing behaviour, beliefs and attitudes to adhere social norms.
      • Study : Sherif - Autokentic effect. estimating where light is. had to say out loud how much they thought the light moved.
        • Autokentic effect is not something we do in everyday life - lacks validity
      • Study: Asch - influence of majority view. Judgement task. 22% gave correct answer all 12 times. People will conform to majority view.
        • Evaluation - Asch used students that didnt know eachother. social pressure to conform is much higher.
      • Internalisation - Accepting majority view/belief because genuine believe majority view to be right. = priavte acceptance.
        • Informational SI - confoming to group about things you didnt know. Results in private acceptance & that person repeating the view to others.
      • DECREASING CONFORMITY
        • Group size- smaller the group size, less likely to conform
        • when person is given 100% correct info, confomrity will decrease
        • the way person has to exoress their opinion effects confirmity
      • INCREASING CONFORMITY
        • Attractivess of beloning - cohesivness of group = how people in group reward 'good' behaviour
        • Collectivist cultures - How diff cultures value group/invidual achievements
  • Conformity
    • TYPES OF CONFORMITY
      • Compliance- conforming to beliefs and ideas but dont acutally believe them ti be true. do it to 'keep peace'
        • Normative SI : Conform to maintain harmony in a group, gain acceptance & avoid rejection. Dont believe viw to be true
    • changing behaviour, beliefs and attitudes to adhere social norms.
    • Study : Sherif - Autokentic effect. estimating where light is. had to say out loud how much they thought the light moved.
      • Autokentic effect is not something we do in everyday life - lacks validity
    • Study: Asch - influence of majority view. Judgement task. 22% gave correct answer all 12 times. People will conform to majority view.
      • Evaluation - Asch used students that didnt know eachother. social pressure to conform is much higher.
    • Internalisation - Accepting majority view/belief because genuine believe majority view to be right. = priavte acceptance.
      • Informational SI - confoming to group about things you didnt know. Results in private acceptance & that person repeating the view to others.
    • DECREASING CONFORMITY
      • Group size- smaller the group size, less likely to conform
      • when person is given 100% correct info, confomrity will decrease
      • the way person has to exoress their opinion effects confirmity
    • INCREASING CONFORMITY
      • Attractivess of beloning - cohesivness of group = how people in group reward 'good' behaviour
      • Collectivist cultures - How diff cultures value group/invidual achievements

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Social influence resources »