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Cities
Urban areas can be divided into zones based on the major land use in each area.

In developed countries, as you move away from the town or city centre, the major urban
zones are: the inner city, the suburbs and the rural/urban fringe .

Each of these urban zones…

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Burgess's Model
Basic Assumptions of the Model:

The city was built upon flat, isotropic surfaces
with equal advantages in all directions
Transport systems were of limited significance
being equally easy, rapid and cheap in every
direction
Land values were highest in the city centre and
declined with distance outwards to…

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Case Study: Newcastle


Byker Ward An inner-city area to the east of the city centre



Jesmond Ward A suburb built mainly in the early 20th century



Castle Ward A suburb built mainly in the late 20th century and
is now expanding outwards



Longhorsley A village in Northumberland, 30 km away…

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Inner city
Housing High density terraced houses built in 19th century
Back to back houses closely packed with no gardens
High-rise block flats built in the 60's
Some old warehouses may have been redeveloped into
apartments

Wealth The poorest sections of the urban population tend to
live here
Cheap housing…

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Suburbs
Housing A mix of 20th century detached and semidetached
houses with gardens
Closer to the inner city
High proportion of properties will be council-owned
Further out, properties will be privately owned and
larger with garages and driveways
More space and more aesthetically pleasing

Wealth Increased personal wealth
People earning…

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Rural/Urban Fringe
Housing Low-density
High quality private housing
Higher density outer-city council estates
More space

Wealth Increased wealth
People with professional jobs

Employment Proportion employed in tertiary sector increases

Provision of services The location for out-of-town shopping complexes,
airports and recreational facilities such as golf courses

Ethnicity Decrease in ethnic…

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Rural Area
Housing Larger, privately owned housing and new estates with
privately owned houses

Wealth Wealthiest residents who've moved out of the city
Some less wealthy original rural residents

Employment High proportion of workers in professional and
managerial sectors
Agricultural workers

Provision of services Village shops may have closed as…

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