AQA AS Geography Population: Indicators

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  • Created on: 22-08-13 19:19
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Population Indicators
Ageing population Occurs when the median age of the population of a country rises
Birth rate The number of live births per 1,000 population per year
Death rate The number of deaths per 1,000 population per year
Depopulation The reduction of an area's population over time, usually one
year
Fertility rate The number of live births per 1,000 women of the child bearing
age group (15-44)
Infant mortality rate The number of deaths of children under the age of 1. Normally
expressed per 1,000 lives per year
Life Expectancy The average number of years from birth that a person can be
expected to live
Migration rate The number of people moving into an area (immigration) less
the number moving out (emigration)
Natural increase The difference between the numbers of births and deaths for
hundred people per year expressed as a percentage
Over population When any increase in population reduces the average quality of
life of the population
Pensionable age Age at which an individual can retire from his or her position
and receive all the benefits guaranteed under a retirement plan
Population Density The number of people living per square kilometre in a
country/area/city
Population explosion A sudden large increase in population. It can also exceed
environmental carrying capacity
Population growth rate The increase in a countries population during the period of one
year, expressed as a percentage of the population at the start of
the year
Population structure The breakdown of a country's population into groups defined by
age and sex
Under population When an increase in population could increase the average
quality of life

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