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CONTENTS
Areas With High Risks of Flooding
Indus Valley (Pakistan)
North Devon/Cornwall (UK)
Impacts of Flooding
Lower Severn Floods, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire, 2007
Pakistan Floods, 2010
Coastal Erosion
Coastal Erosion at Happisburge, Norfolk
Sea Level Change
Coastal Flooding in Eastern England
Coastal Protection
Hard Engineering at North Bay, Scarbrough
Soft Engineering at Freiston Shore, Lincolnshire
Managing Population Change
China's One-Child Policy
Immigration To The UK 2004-2007
Inner-City & Suburban Areas in MEDC's
Harehills ­ Inner-City Deprivation and Decay
Adel & Wharfedale ­ Suburban Prosperity
Morbidity…read more

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RIVERS, FLOODING AND MANAGEMENT
AREAS WITH HIGH RISKS OF FLOODING
INDUS VALLEY (PAKISTAN)
The reasons for the severity of the Pakistan 2010 floods were:
Much of central and southern Pakistan is lowland, comprising vast alluvial plains drained by the
Indus and its tributaries and occupied by millions of poor farmers.
Heavy and prolonged rain fall in the monsoon season fill the rivers to bursting point.
The Himalaya mountain range to the north increases perception intensity as meltwater from snow
in the mountains adds to discharge.…read more

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Some 10,000 motorists were left stranded on the M5 and surrounding roads and were forced to
abandon their cars because of flood waters and landslides.
The total insurance loses were estimated between £1 billion and £1.5 billion.
There was also large-scale damage to properties and disruption of businesses. Approximately
27,000 domestic insurance claims were made and 6,800 business claims.
Crops were submerged and maize, potatoes and hay crops were destroyed.…read more

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COASTAL ENVIRONMENTS
COASTAL EROSION
COASTAL EROSION AT HAPPISBURGE, NORFOLK
Coastal erosion rates often exceed 5m a year.
The coastline comprises of weak sands, gravel and soft clay, which is easily undercut by wave
action.
The long fetch to the north and northeast means wave energy is high along this coast.
Erosion has accelerated considerably since 1990 when 300m of sea defences that protected
Happisburgh (revetments) were destroyed by a storm.…read more

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COASTAL PROTECTION
HARD ENGINEERING AT NORTH BAY, SCARBROUGH
Strengthening hard defences:
North Bay in Scarborough, surrounded by built-up urban environment is protected by hard defences.
Concrete sea walls extend along the entire length of the Bay and protect the narrow promenade,
coastal road and the steep coastal slope.
Between 2002 and 2005, the hard sea defences were strengthened in the southern part of the Bay.…read more

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POPULATION CHANGE
MANAGING POPULATION CHANGE
CHINA'S ONE-CHILD POLICY
Background:
China's anit-natalist population policy was a response to perceived over population in the 1970's.
Between 1950 and 1980 China's population increased from 560 to 985 million.
Such growth threatened shortage of food, fresh water, fossil fuels and other natural resources.
As a communist country, China gives priority to state of interests over the rights and freedom of
individuals, therefore the government was able to impose an authorisation policy that would be
impossible in democratic societies.…read more

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IMMIGRATION TO THE UK 2004-2007
Recent immigration trends:
There was an annual net migration gain in the UK for most of the period 1990-2007.
Before 2004 most immigrant s originated from Africa, the Middle East and south Asia.
Since the enlargement of the EU in 2004 the majority of immigrants have come from EU countries in
Eastern Europe.
Between 2004 and 2006, 181,000 immigrants entered the UK from Eastern Europe.
In 2007 the overall net migration was 237,000.…read more

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Life expectancy is 4 years below the average for Leeds and at the 2001 census 12 of residences
reported poor health.
Substandard housing and overcrowding contributes to poor health.
Reported crime is four times the average for Leeds, with high levels of domestic burglary, vehicle
crime and criminal damage.
Nearly half of all households qualify for council welfare benefits.
ADEL & WHARFEDALE ­ SUBURBAN PROSPERITY
Background:
Dominated by low-density, high quality detached and semi-detached housing in north Leeds.…read more

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HEALTH ISSUES
MORBIDITY
HIV/AIDS ­ AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE
Epidemiology:
HIV is transmitted by the exchange of body fluids (e.g. blood, semen) most often through sexual
contact.
The virus damages the immune system, making the body susceptible to illness and infection.
Worldwide, 33 million people were infected with HIV in 2009.
In 2009, AIDS-related illnesses caused 1.8 million deaths.
Since 1981, an estimated 25 million people have died from AIDS, most in sub-Saharan Africa.…read more

Comments

Mr A Gibson

A useful collection of examples which include essential information for "Health Issues", "Rivers, Floods and Management", "Coastal Environments" and "Population Change". A good document to have to hand when preparing for AQA GEOG1.

lowhigh

The file is corrupt. Word wont let me open it.

emevxns

it's not. ^

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