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AQA AS
GEOGRAPHY
CASE STUDIES




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CONTENTS
Areas With High Risks of Flooding

Indus Valley (Pakistan)

North Devon/Cornwall (UK)

Impacts of Flooding

Lower Severn Floods, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire, 2007

Pakistan Floods, 2010

Coastal Erosion

Coastal Erosion at Happisburge, Norfolk

Sea Level Change

Coastal Flooding in Eastern England

Coastal Protection

Hard Engineering at North Bay, Scarbrough

Soft…

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RIVERS, FLOODING AND MANAGEMENT
AREAS WITH HIGH RISKS OF FLOODING

INDUS VALLEY (PAKISTAN)

The reasons for the severity of the Pakistan 2010 floods were:

Much of central and southern Pakistan is lowland, comprising vast alluvial plains drained by the
Indus and its tributaries and occupied by millions of poor farmers.…

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Some 10,000 motorists were left stranded on the M5 and surrounding roads and were forced to
abandon their cars because of flood waters and landslides.
The total insurance loses were estimated between £1 billion and £1.5 billion.
There was also large-scale damage to properties and disruption of businesses. Approximately
27,000…

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COASTAL ENVIRONMENTS
COASTAL EROSION

COASTAL EROSION AT HAPPISBURGE, NORFOLK

Coastal erosion rates often exceed 5m a year.
The coastline comprises of weak sands, gravel and soft clay, which is easily undercut by wave
action.
The long fetch to the north and northeast means wave energy is high along this coast.…

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COASTAL PROTECTION

HARD ENGINEERING AT NORTH BAY, SCARBROUGH

Strengthening hard defences:

North Bay in Scarborough, surrounded by built-up urban environment is protected by hard defences.
Concrete sea walls extend along the entire length of the Bay and protect the narrow promenade,
coastal road and the steep coastal slope.
Between 2002…

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POPULATION CHANGE
MANAGING POPULATION CHANGE

CHINA'S ONE-CHILD POLICY

Background:

China's anit-natalist population policy was a response to perceived over population in the 1970's.
Between 1950 and 1980 China's population increased from 560 to 985 million.
Such growth threatened shortage of food, fresh water, fossil fuels and other natural resources.
As…

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IMMIGRATION TO THE UK 2004-2007

Recent immigration trends:

There was an annual net migration gain in the UK for most of the period 1990-2007.
Before 2004 most immigrant s originated from Africa, the Middle East and south Asia.
Since the enlargement of the EU in 2004 the majority of immigrants…

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45% of adult population have no qualifications and household incomes are less than half those of
the prosperous suburban wards.
Life expectancy is 4 years below the average for Leeds and at the 2001 census 12 of residences
reported poor health.
Substandard housing and overcrowding contributes to poor health.
Reported…

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HEALTH ISSUES
MORBIDITY

HIV/AIDS ­ AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE

Epidemiology:

HIV is transmitted by the exchange of body fluids (e.g. blood, semen) most often through sexual
contact.
The virus damages the immune system, making the body susceptible to illness and infection.
Worldwide, 33 million people were infected with HIV in 2009.…

Comments

Mr A Gibson

A useful collection of examples which include essential information for "Health Issues", "Rivers, Floods and Management", "Coastal Environments" and "Population Change". A good document to have to hand when preparing for AQA GEOG1.

lowhigh

The file is corrupt. Word wont let me open it.

emevxns

it's not. ^

Nastya_mk123

^Corrupt or not, but its not letting me open it:( 

SeanyE

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