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Health Issues
Global Patterns of Health, Morbidity and Mortality: Health in
World Affairs
1. Health defined as: "Physical, mental and social well-being and absence of disease"
2. Health varies in different parts of the world, but difficult to measure
3. Better health tends to be in more developed nations e.g.…

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Economic Development
1. People come out of work so less of surplus of workers so wages increase and
prices rise, preventing ED
2. Same goes for people leaving work to care for ill
3. If kids come out school uneducated workforce which won't attract foreign
4. If govts spend…

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Usa 16.0 74 Bahrain 15 64
Russia 9.7 49 Kuwait 13 74
Japan 6.7 23 Tonga 12 91
Germany 6.3 60 Singapore 12 23
Pakistan 6.2 22 Oman 11 46
Brazil 5.7 51 Mauritius 11 46
Mexico 4.4 68 Germany 10 60
Egypt 3.9 69 Spain 10 52
2. Most…

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Food and Health

Periodic Famine
1. Sahel Region- air drawn in from sea, wetter further south so more vegetation
due to fluctuating rainy + dry seasons, so lots of very dry years (1950s-1960s)
and very wet seasons (1970s-1980s)
2. Band Aid 1984
3. Periodic refers to rainfall
4. In…

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Contrasting Health Care Approaches in Countries at Different
Stages of Development
Type Main Characteristics Example
Emergent 1. Personal consumption Banglades
2. Doctors solo entrepreneurs h
3. Private ownership (direct payments)
4. Minimal state role

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5. Development of local health workers

Pluralistic 1. Consumer product USA
2. Doctors solo entrepreneurs (with professional
3. Private and Public ownership
4. Minimal state role (indirect)

Insurance/ Social 1. Guaranteed consumer product France
Security 2. Doctors and solo entrepreneurs (with
professional associations)
3. Private and public ownership

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GSK and Controversy
1. Most recently (March 2007) it was found that they were misleading consumers
of the drink, Ribena, when claiming that it had high levels of vitamin C
2. Other controversies have involved anti-depressant drugs, which consumers and
doctors were told to be `non-habit forming' when it in…

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2. BAT is the largest Agribusiness in Kenya, contracting 17,000 farmers, cultivating
15,000 hectares
3. Brazil is the largest exporter of tobacco
4. Tobacco grown in the USA is twice as much to buy
5. Production is, therefore, moving overseas to exploit cheap labour
6. Vietnam sells off the majority…

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Factors Affecting Regional Variation in Health and Morbidity
Age Structure

Ageing e.g. Bournemouth, Dorset
1. Lots of orthopedic care e.g. hip replacement
2. Care homes for 80-90s
3. Strokes and heart attacks

Youthful e.g. Birmingham
1. Sports injuries
2. Pediatrics
3. Antenatal

Occupation Type + Income

Low-Income e.g. Burmantofts, West…


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