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Slide 1

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URBAN/RURAL
CITY
CHARACTERISTICS
SUBURBS RURAL/URBAN RURAL
FRINGE
HOUSING High density Detached and semi- Low density, higher Large privately
terraced houses detached houses quality privately owned housing and
(19th century) and th
(20 century) Lots owned housing new estates
high rise flat blocks of council housing
(1960s) nearer city
Decreasing ethnic minorities
ETHNICITY High proportion of Mostly white
ethnic minorities
AGE STRUCTURE Lots of young Mostly families Families with High proportion of
people with children children. More retired elderly
(students/young elderly people people
professionals)
WEALTH Generally poorer Wealthy residents
people, wealthy
Increasing wealth who can afford to
people living in move away from
redeveloped area cities
EMPLOYMENT High Mostly tertiary Greater levels of Lots of professional
unemployment, sector, some skilled tertiary and managerial
lots of students, manual workers employment workers. Some
unskilled workers. agricultural workers…read more

Slide 2

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IMPACTS ON WELFARE OF PEOPLE
· SOCIAL: Tension between different ethnic
minorities in inner city areas
· Crime rate high in inner city due to high
unemployment
· Rural areas suffer from lack of investment ­
poor public transport & shops closing. Can
isolate elderly people dependant on these
· ECONOMIC: Industrial decline in inner city
leads to higher unemployment
· High levels of poverty in inner city leads to
poorer health, education and higher DRs.…read more

Slide 3

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MORE RELATED STUFF...
· HOUSING: Most migrants occupy cheaper housing
in city areas
· In LEDCs huge rural-urban migration has caused
shanty towns on city fringes to develop
· ETHNICITY: High numbers of immigrants change the
culture of an area when they bring their customs
with them. In severe cases segregation occurs
where they live separately to `native' residents.
· AGE STRUCTURE: Rural areas have an increasing
ageing population as young people move away and
retired people move in…read more

Slide 4

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MORE RELATED STUFF
nd ...
· WEALTH: Increasing numbers of 2 home owners
and commuters increases wealth of rural areas,
pushing up house prices causing young people to
move away as they cant afford housing
· Young professionals moving into redeveloped areas
pushes up house prices in inner cities too
· EMPLOYMENT: Unemployment increases in cities as
more people move there than there are jobs
· SERVICES: Shops & services in rural areas decline
because residents who commute don't use them.
Shops close, bus routes stop operating etc
· Higher proportion of elderly/young in population
affects services needed.…read more

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