Influence of individuals

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  • Topic 4
    • David Livingstone
      • Was a doctor in South Africa but then started exploring the hinterlands
      • Gave lectures at Cambridge university
      • Sent 2000 letters to England while exploring Zambize river
      • Recieved government funding to establish commerce and christian influence in places he visited
      • He dissapeared but was later found by Henry Stanley. He was considered a martyr for the British Empire
    • John Kirk
      • Botanist, doctor and explorer who went with Livingstone on the Zambize river
      • He analysed aquatic animals which he sent back to Britain
      • Returned to Africa in 1868 as a medical officer and stayed in Zanzibar as a diplomat
    • Sir Richard Burton
      • Linguistic scholar who explored mainly sacred islamic land
      • Went to Zanzibar and got malaria and was forced to go home
      • Produced 43 volumes of what he explored. 5 books described West African sacrifice, cannibalism and murder
    • John Hanning Speke
      • Joined Richard Burton in Somaliland exploration
      • Found the origin of the Nile river
      • One of the first to reach lake Tanganyika
      • Discovered a lake in which he called it lake Victoria after the queen
      • After being doubted by Burton he was found dead in what people believed was a suicide
    • Christian missionaries
      • Helped open up territories for Britain as they could get passed the frontier and build influence from central areas
      • Established links and trusting relationships with the indigenous community
      • Gave imperial protection
      • Believed in world wide christian conversion
    • Influence of traders
      • Cecil Rhodes
        • Diamond magnate
        • Cape colony politician
      • William Mackinnon
        • Built up commercial interests in his navigation company
      • George Goldie
        • Palm oil business man


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