CAUSES of the COLD WAR - DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOVIET COMMUNISM and the USA

differences between the communist ideology of the Soviet Union and the capitalist ideology of the USA - causes of the Cold War

a2 history with edexcel

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Differences between Soviet Communism and the USA
Key:
Advantages
Disadvantages
Capitalist USA Communist USSR
Politics A democracy; its government A one-party dictatorship.
was chosen in free Elections held, but all
democratic elections. candidates belonged to one
political party.
Ideology and attitudes Emphasis was put on Belief by the people that all
towards their rival individuals achieving, not on countries should be ruled
communities caring. their way.
Many people bitterly The rights of individuals seen
opposed to their rival's as less important than the
ideology and were scared by good of society as a whole.
its theory which talked about Consequently, individuals'
spreading revolution. lives were tightly controlled
e.g. freedom of speech and
freedom of movement not
permitted.
Leaders believed that other
countries should be rule their
way and consequently
encouraged revolution
world-wide.
Economic and social Despite the fact it was the An economic superpower
concerns world's wealthiest country, because its industry had
there were extremes ­ some grown rapidly in the 1920's
great wealth and some very and `30's.
great poverty as well. However, wages and the
Capitalist. Business and standard of living fairly low
property were privately in comparison to its greatest
owned. Big business had a rival. Even so, unemployment
powerful influence on how and extreme poverty were
the country is run. extremely rare. Homelessness
Private businesses rare.
responded to consumer However, most people in
demand meaning there were cities live in poor quality
lots of luxury goods in the concrete flats.
shops from fashionable Industry state-owned with a
clothes to cars ­ for those focus on the needs of the
who had the money. state e.g. armaments,
Many people too poor to industry and grain
have health care. production. This meant there
were few consumer goods
available.
Freedom Being free of control by the Private individuals were not
government was more allowed to set up companies

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Discrimination common profit.
against black ethnic Repression of opponents
minorities whose freedoms common e.g. Stalin's purges
were limited in practice. were estimated to have killed
22 million.…read more

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