Privy Chamber

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  • Privy Chamber
    • Henry VII
      • Grew in importance as he < feared betrayal from those he trusted
      • Created Yeoman of the Guard
        • Acted as personal bodyguards + guarded entrance to his private rooms
      • Used to collect + store royal income
        • Advantage = always had access to money
        • Disadvantage = reliant on monarch's ability + interest in controlling royal income
        • Monarch's after X have time / inclination to follow this system + use of Chamber finance collapsed
        • He monitored personally
    • Henry VIII
      • Became a political hub
        • Own staff, from 1518 became known as Gentleman of the Privy Chamber
          • Most important position was Groom of the Stool (in charge of royal toilet)
        • Filled w/ most trusted friends (usually gentry / nobility)
          • Intimate + daily contact, X servants but advisers
            • Btwn 1520 + 25, sent on diplomatic missions to France + military expedition against Scots
      • Access to monarch via PC = one route to power + influence + opp. to influence direction of gov
        • By 1540s = control of dry stamp
          • HVIII aversion to paperwork => intro of dry stamp = king's signature put on documents quickly + easily
          • 1540s, some individuals gained control of stamp + made alterations to king's will in their favour
            • eg. Faction led by Edmund Seymour
    • Mary I
      • Role involved close physical contact w/ monarch = started to be filled w/ women
        • Frances married to Edward Waldegrave - Master of Great Wardrobe
          • Still had a political role
            • Frances married to Henry Jerningham - Captain of the Guard
        • Frances married to Henry Jerningham - Captain of the Guard
        • Influenced her
          • Charles V wrote to ambassador Simon Renard saying some ladies were taking adv of their position to gain patronage + favours
      • Still had a political role
        • Kept < control over Chamber
          • Dry stamp - under lock + key + never allowed its use by her administrators
      • Elizabeth I
        • Continued to decline in political importance
          • X appoint wives of her councillors
          • Reforms of 1559 meant members of her Household were also members of her Council
          • From then, politics + major decisions determined through formal channels of Council, X informal route of Chamber

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